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China facts & history in brief                 My China pages directory    
Map of China

Yan'an
Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yan'an (Pinyin: YŠn'an; Wade-Giles: Yen-an), is a city in the Shanbei region of Shaanxi province in China.

Yan'an is currently a Prefecture-level city administering several counties, including Zhidan, formerly Bao'an, which served as the Chinese communist capital before the city of Yan'an proper took that role.

In medieval China, Yan'an was once called Yanzhou, a location of strategic military importance for the Chinese empire and Tanguts of the Western Xia Dynasty.
It was once successfully defended by the Song Dynasty (960-1279) era Chinese scientist, statesman, and general Shen Kuo (1031-1095 AD).
However, it was eventually taken over by the Tanguts in 1082 once Shen's defensive victories were marginalized and sacrificed by the new Chancellor Cai Que (who handed the city over to the Tanguts as terms of a peace treaty).
Yan'an and the whole of Shaanxi was taken over by the Mongols in the late 1220s, only after their leader Genghis Khan had died during the siege of the Western Xia capital in 1227.
The city was maintained by the successive Chinese Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), as well as the Manchu Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
After the fall of the Qing Dynasty the city fell into the hands of the newly-created Republic of China.

During the Second World War, Yan'an played host to the United States Army Observation Group, also known as the Dixie Mission.
A joint military and civilian mission, it was sent to establish official ties with the Communists and explore possible plans of cooperation against the Japanese.
The Americans had a presence in Yan'an from 1944 to 1947.


For a more information about Yanan see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yanan) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2007.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
About Wikipedia
Disclaimers

This information was correct in November 2007. E. & O.E.




Hui Chin and I caught a bus from Xi'an to Yanan, a four hours, quite enjoyable trip as we seen rural north China on our way getting there.

We were very anxious to see the cave dwellers of northern China and we were told the place is another 60 kilometres from Yanan.

Of course we were very suprised to see many cave dwellings on our way to Yan'an.

In Yan'n we were in for another great surprise as the hills all around Yanan are full of cave dwellings.

We walked up to some of the cave dwllings and were fortunate enough to be invited into one of the dwellings and the very nice people was happy to tell us the long history of the extended family and we were even been invited for lunch.

Mum and Dad spent most of their life in the caves, which is nice and warm in winter and cool in summer.

They had most of the modern comforts, like electricity, TV, refrigirator, computers etc.

They have to bring the water up from the city and the drainage system isn't the most modern either, mostly left to gravity.

Mum and Dad are very happy to spend the rest of their life in their present abode, but most of the young ones left the caves for a more urbane city dwellings.

The few days we spent in Yan'an was filled with drama enjoyable interaction with the local people.
We've enjoyed Yan'an city.





Yan'an 2007

You can click on these photos for an enlargement.

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