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Jiaohe Ruins
Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Jiaohe Ruins is the site of ancient Chinese ruins found in the Yarnaz Valley, 10 km west of the city of Turfan, Xinjiang province, China.

From the years 108 BC to 450 AD the city of Jiaohe was the capital of the Anterior Chu-shi Kingdom, concurrent with the Han Dynasty, Jin Dynasty, and Southern and Northern Dynasties in China.
It was an important site along the Silk Road trade route leading west, and was adjacent to the Korla and Karasahr kingdoms.
From 450 AD until 640 AD it became Jiao prefecture in the Tang Dynasty, and in 640 AD it was made the seat of the new Jiaohe County.
From 640 AD until 658 AD it was also the seat of the Protector General of the Western Regions, the highest level military post of a Chinese military commander posted in the west.
Since the beginning of the 9th century AD it had become Jiaohe prefecture of the Uyghur Khaganate, until their kingdom was conquered by the Kyrgyz soon after in the year 840.

The city was built on a large islet (1650 m in length, 300 m wide at its widest point) in the middle of a river which formed natural defenses, which would explain why the city lacked any sort of walls. Instead, steep cliffs on all sides of the river acted as natural walls.
The layout of the city had eastern and western residential districts, while the northern district was reserved for Buddhist sites of temples and stupas.
Along with this there are notable graveyards and the ruins of a large government office in the southern part of the eastern district.

It was finally abandoned after its destruction during an invasion by the Mongols led by Genghis Khan in the 13th century.

The site has been protected by the PRC government since 1961.
There are now attempts to protect this site and other Silk Route city ruins.
The Silk Route is applying for listing as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The ruins of Jiaohe are mentioned in the mystery novel Mrs. Polifax on the China Station, by Dorothy Gilman.

For a more information about Jiaohe Ruins see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiaohe_Ruins) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2007.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
About Wikipedia

This information was correct in November 2007. E. & O.E.

Hui Chin and I joined a conducted bus tour from Urumchi to visit Turpan.

It was a very interesting trip and full of drama, as there was many interesting places to visit and there was also a number of arguments on the bus about the tickets and sights to be visited, the sitting arrangements on the bus and also about the food and the quality and hygene standard of the restaurants we have visited.

To cap it all of, my camera's battery ran flat, half way through, our spare battery and another camera sitting safely back at the hotel in Urumchi (laughing at our misfortune), but a few weeks later I had even worst news, when, after returning home, I found out that two of my new 2Gigabyte SD memory cards, although seemed to work perfectly at the time, have invisible pictures on them.
The pictures seem to exist alright, with all around the 200 plus kilobyte properties and showing as jpeg pictures, but can't be viewed.
I have lost some very interesting, unusual and irreplacable pictures of Turpan, Urumchi, Bishkek in Kyrgizstan and pictures of the countrysides of Kyrgizstan and Kazakstan.


Now altough we were there and had our visual and phisical experiences, I have to take advantage of using Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia's resources with our greatful thanks.


I would like to mention a few things, that was mentioned to us during our visit to Turpan, but I do not find any mention on the pages and articles I read before putting this page together.
Turpan is sited in a basin (Turfan Depression), at the second deepest hole after the Dead Sea - under sea level. (328ft. below sea level).
Turpan is one of the hottest place on earth, due to its desert location and relative altitude.
Turpan also one of the driest place on earth again due to it's location and altitude. (This last two points make it ideal place to grow grapes and other fruit with the Karez (water) System's help.
Some of Turpan's listed attractions may be 40+ kilometres away, normally they still will be listed as Turpan's attraction.
On the way to Turpan from Urumchi our bus stopped at a fortress, as I lost the many photos I have taken of this place - as I have explained above, now I can't find any reference or mention of the place - can somebody help me, please?

Jiaohe Ruins

Jiaohe Ruins

Jiaohe Ruins

Jiaohe Ruins

Jiaohe Ruins

Jiaohe Ruins

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