Cardinal József Mindszenty
1956 Hungarian Revolution (My Story)
(My Eyewitness story of our Freedomfight
and Resistance against the Soviet Invasion)
50th Anniversary of our Freedomfight
My Travel and Photos Pages
America - North
America - Central
America - South
My China pages directory
Beijing or Peking
Beijing - Forbidden City
Beijing - Prince Gong Palace
Beijing - Summer Palace
Great Wall of China
Guangzhou or Canton
Hong Kong Airport
Hong Kong Buses
Hong Kong - Lantau Island
Kashgar or Kashi
Kashgar Sunday Market
Ming Dynasty Tombs
Peking Man's Caves/Zhoukoudian
Shanghai Maglev / Transrapid
Tibet - Lhasa
Tibet - Lhasa Monasteries
Tibet - Lhasa - Potala
Turpan or Tulufan
Turpan - Amin Mosque
Turpan - Astana Graves
Turpan - Bezeklik Caves
Turpan - Crescent Moon Lake
Turpan - Dunhuang Caves
Turpan - Echoing-Sand Mountain
Turpan - Ediqut Ruins
Turpan - Emin Minaret
Turpan - Flaming Mountains
Turpan - Gaochang Ruins
Turpan - Grape Valley
Turpan - Green Mosque
Turpan - Jesus Sutras
Turpan - Jiaohe Ruins
Turpan - Karez System
Turpan - Maza Village
Turpan - Mogao Caves
Urumchi or Urumuchi
Xian - Hua Qing Pool
Xian - Silk Factory
Xian - Silk Road Monuments
Xian - Terracotta Factory
Xian - Terracotta Army Museum
Yanan Cave Dwellings
The Jiaohe Ruins is the site of ancient Chinese
ruins found in the Yarnaz Valley, 10 km west of the
city of Turfan, Xinjiang province, China.
China facts & history in brief
My China pages directory
Map of China
Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From the years 108 BC to 450 AD the city of Jiaohe
was the capital of the Anterior Chu-shi Kingdom,
concurrent with the Han Dynasty, Jin Dynasty, and
Southern and Northern Dynasties in China.
It was an important site along the Silk Road trade
route leading west, and was adjacent to the
Korla and Karasahr kingdoms.
From 450 AD until 640 AD it became Jiao prefecture
in the Tang Dynasty, and in 640 AD it was made
the seat of the new Jiaohe County.
From 640 AD until 658 AD it was also the seat of
the Protector General of the Western Regions,
the highest level military post of a Chinese
military commander posted in the west.
Since the beginning of the 9th century AD it
had become Jiaohe prefecture of the Uyghur
Khaganate, until their kingdom was conquered
by the Kyrgyz soon after in the year 840.
The city was built on a large islet (1650 m in length,
300 m wide at its widest point) in the middle of a
river which formed natural defenses, which would explain
why the city lacked any sort of walls. Instead, steep
cliffs on all sides of the river
acted as natural walls.
The layout of the city had eastern and western
residential districts, while the northern district
was reserved for Buddhist sites of temples and stupas.
Along with this there are notable graveyards and
the ruins of a large government office in the
southern part of the eastern district.
It was finally abandoned after its destruction
during an invasion by the Mongols led by
Genghis Khan in the 13th century.
The site has been protected by the PRC
government since 1961.
There are now attempts to protect this site
and other Silk Route city ruins.
The Silk Route is applying for listing as
a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The ruins of Jiaohe are mentioned in the
mystery novel Mrs. Polifax on the
China Station, by Dorothy Gilman.
For a more information about
Jiaohe Ruins see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from
see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2007.
All text is available under the terms of the
GNU Free Documentation License
Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in November 2007. E. & O.E.
Hui Chin and I joined a conducted bus tour
from Urumchi to visit Turpan.
It was a very interesting trip and full of drama, as
there was many interesting places to visit and there
was also a number of arguments
on the bus about the tickets and
sights to be visited, the sitting arrangements on the
bus and also about the food and the quality and hygene
standard of the restaurants we have visited.
To cap it all of, my camera's battery ran flat, half
way through, our spare battery and another camera sitting
safely back at the hotel in Urumchi (laughing at our
misfortune), but a few weeks later I had even worst news,
when, after returning home, I found out that two of my
new 2Gigabyte SD memory cards, although seemed to work
perfectly at the time, have invisible pictures on them.
The pictures seem to exist alright,
with all around the 200 plus kilobyte
properties and showing as jpeg pictures, but can't be viewed.
I have lost some very interesting, unusual and irreplacable
pictures of Turpan, Urumchi, Bishkek in Kyrgizstan and pictures
of the countrysides of Kyrgizstan and Kazakstan.
Now altough we were there and had our visual and phisical
experiences, I have to take advantage of using Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia's
resources with our greatful thanks. Author.
I would like to mention a few things, that was mentioned to us
during our visit to Turpan, but I do not find any mention on
the pages and articles I read before
putting this page together.
Turpan is sited in a basin (Turfan Depression),
at the second deepest hole after the Dead Sea - under
(328ft. below sea level).
Turpan is one of the hottest place on earth, due to its
desert location and relative altitude.
Turpan also one of the driest place on earth again due
to it's location and altitude. (This last two points
make it ideal place to grow grapes and other fruit with
the Karez (water) System's help.
Some of Turpan's listed attractions may be 40+ kilometres
away, normally they still will be listed
as Turpan's attraction.
On the way to Turpan from Urumchi our bus stopped at a
fortress, as I lost the many photos I have taken of this
place - as I have explained above, now I can't find any
reference or mention of the place - can somebody help me, please?