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Jesus Sutras
Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Jesus Sutras, or the Lost Sutras of Jesus are early Chinese language manuscripts of Christian teachings brought to China during the 7th century by Alopen, a Persian bishop of the Assyrian Church of the East.

The sutras date from between 635 AD, the year of Christianity's introduction to China; and 1005, when the Mogao Cave, near Dunhuang, in which they were found was sealed.
Four of the sutras are said to be located in private collections in Japan, while one is in Paris.
Their language and content reflect varying levels of adaptation to Chinese culture, including Buddhist and Taoist influences.

The following list uses the numbering and nomenclature of Martin Palmer, an English scholar, author, and translator of Chinese religious texts.
The first title is more poetic, while the title in parentheses represents the original Chinese more strictly.

Doctrinal sutras
Sutra of the Teachings of the World-Honored One (Lokajvesta Teaching on Charity, Part Three).
Translated 641 AD. Based on Tatian's Teachings of the Apostles or Diatessaron, a second-century gospel harmony written in Syriac.
Sutra of Cause, Effect, and Salvation (First Treatise on the Oneness of Heaven).
Palmer sees a similarity with the Buddhist Milinda Panha, the Questions of King Milinda.
Sutra of the Teachings of the World-Honored One (Sutra of the Origins, Second Part of the Teaching) Sutra of Jesus Christ. Translated around 645. Refers to karma and reincarnation.
Palmer conjectures influence from Tibet, Hinduism, and/or Jainism.

Liturgical sutras
Da Qin Liturgy of Taking Refuge in the Three. Translated 720 AD.
Let Us Praise (Invocation of the Dharma Kings and Sacred Sutras).
The Sutra of Returning to Your Original Nature. Translated c. 780-790.

The Xi'an Stele
The Xi'an Stele was composed in 781 in honor of a construction project at the Da Qin Pagoda, which is now understood to have been a Christian monastery at the time ("Da Qin" is the Chinese term for the Roman Empire).
The Da Qin Pagoda is located near Lou Guan Tai, the traditional site of Lao Tze's composition of the Tao Te Ching.
The stele was unearthed in 1625 and is now on display in the nearest major city, Xi'an.

Sutra (literally "binding thread") is a Sanskrit term referring to an aphorism or group of aphorisms.
It was originally applied to Hindu philosophy, and later to Buddhist canon scripture.
In the case of the Jesus Sutras, the term applies indirectly.
In Chinese, all religious and classical books are referred to as jing, including indigenous Chinese works, Buddhist scriptures, and other foreign works such as the Bible and the Koran.
In the context of Buddhist scriptures, jing is conventionally translated as "sutra".
The Jesus Sutras do not carry canon status but they do comingle Christian philosophy with Buddhist and Taoist thought.

For a more information about Jesus Sutras see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus_Sutras) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2007.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
About Wikipedia

This information was correct in November 2007. E. & O.E.

Hui Chin and I joined a conducted bus tour from Urumchi to visit Turpan.

It was a very interesting trip and full of drama, as there was many interesting places to visit and there was also a number of arguments on the bus about the tickets and sights to be visited, the sitting arrangements on the bus and also about the food and the quality and hygene standard of the restaurants we have visited.

To cap it all of, my camera's battery ran flat, half way through, our spare battery and another camera sitting safely back at the hotel in Urumchi (laughing at our misfortune), but a few weeks later I had even worst news, when, after returning home, I found out that two of my new 2Gigabyte SD memory cards, although seemed to work perfectly at the time, have invisible pictures on them.
The pictures seem to exist alright, with all around the 200 plus kilobyte properties and showing as jpeg pictures, but can't be viewed.
I have lost some very interesting, unusual and irreplacable pictures of Turpan, Urumchi, Bishkek in Kyrgizstan and pictures of the countrysides of Kyrgizstan and Kazakstan.


Now altough we were there and had our visual and phisical experiences, I have to take advantage of using Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia's resources with our greatful thanks.


I would like to mention a few things, that was mentioned to us during our visit to Turpan, but I do not find any mention on the pages and articles I read before putting this page together.
Turpan is sited in a basin (Turfan Depression), at the second deepest hole after the Dead Sea - under sea level. (328ft. below sea level).
Turpan is one of the hottest place on earth, due to its desert location and relative altitude.
Turpan also one of the driest place on earth again due to it's location and altitude. (This last two points make it ideal place to grow grapes and other fruit with the Karez (water) System's help.
Some of Turpan's listed attractions may be 40+ kilometres away, normally they still will be listed as Turpan's attraction.
On the way to Turpan from Urumchi our bus stopped at a fortress, as I lost the many photos I have taken of this place - as I have explained above, now I can't find any reference or mention of the place - can somebody help me, please?

Mogao Caves or Grottos

Jesus Sutras

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