Cardinal József Mindszenty
1956 Hungarian Revolution (My Story)
(My Eyewitness story of our Freedomfight
and Resistance against the Soviet Invasion)
50th Anniversary of our Freedomfight
My Travel and Photos Pages
America - North
America - Central
America - South
My China pages directory
Beijing or Peking
Beijing - Forbidden City
Beijing - Prince Gong Palace
Beijing - Summer Palace
Great Wall of China
Guangzhou or Canton
Hong Kong Airport
Hong Kong Buses
Hong Kong - Lantau Island
Kashgar or Kashi
Kashgar Sunday Market
Ming Dynasty Tombs
Peking Man's Caves/Zhoukoudian
Shanghai Maglev / Transrapid
Tibet - Lhasa
Tibet - Lhasa Monasteries
Tibet - Lhasa - Potala
Turpan or Tulufan
Turpan - Amin Mosque
Turpan - Astana Graves
Turpan - Bezeklik Caves
Turpan - Crescent Moon Lake
Turpan - Dunhuang Caves
Turpan - Echoing-Sand Mountain
Turpan - Ediqut Ruins
Turpan - Emin Minaret
Turpan - Flaming Mountains
Turpan - Gaochang Ruins
Turpan - Grape Valley
Turpan - Green Mosque
Turpan - Jesus Sutras
Turpan - Jiaohe Ruins
Turpan - Karez System
Turpan - Maza Village
Turpan - Mogao Caves
Urumchi or Urumuchi
Xian - Hua Qing Pool
Xian - Silk Factory
Xian - Silk Road Monuments
Xian - Terracotta Factory
Xian - Terracotta Army Museum
Yanan Cave Dwellings
Gaochang is the site of an ancient oasis city built on the
northern rim of the inhospitable Taklamakan
Desert in Xinjiang, China.
China facts & history in brief
My China pages directory
Map of China
Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A busy trading center, it was a stopping point for
merchant traders traveling on the Silk Route.
The ruins are located 30 km southeast of modern Turpan.
Gaochang was built in the 1st century BC.
It was an important site along the Silk Road.
It was burnt down in wars in the 14th century.
Old palace ruins and inside and
outside cities can still be seen today.
Gao Chang (Pronounced Qara-hoja in Uyghur)
is located in present-day Xinjiang
Province, 30km from Turpan.
It played a key role as a transportation
hub in western China.
There is not much documented history surviving today,
only stories passed on through oral tradition
exist to detail the history.
The German name for the site is Chotscho.
The archaeological remains are just outside the
town at a place originally called Idykut-schari
or Idikutschari by local residents (see the work
of Albert Grünwedel in the external links below).
Artistic monuments of the city have been
published by A. von Le Coq.
In 439, remnants of the Northern Liang fled to Gaochang
led by Juqu Wuhui and Juqu Anzhou where they would
hold onto power until 460 when
they were conquered by the Rouran.
There were more than ten thousand Han Chinese
households in Gaochang, and the Rouran appointed
a Han named Kan Bozhou as their
vassal King of Gaochang in 460.
At this time the Gaoche was rising to challenge power
of the Rouran in the Tarim Basin.
The Gaoche king Afuzhiluo killed Kan Shougui and appointed
a Han from Dunhuang, named Zhang Mengming, as his own
vassal King of Gaochang.
Gaochang thus passed under Gaoche rule.
For a more information about
Gaochang see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from
see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2007.
All text is available under the terms of the
GNU Free Documentation License
Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in November 2007. E. & O.E.
Hui Chin and I joined a conducted bus tour
from Urumchi to visit Turpan.
It was a very interesting trip and full of drama, as
there was many interesting places to visit and there
was also a number of arguments
on the bus about the tickets and
sights to be visited, the sitting arrangements on the
bus and also about the food and the quality and hygene
standard of the restaurants we have visited.
To cap it all of, my camera's battery ran flat, half
way through, our spare battery and another camera sitting
safely back at the hotel in Urumchi (laughing at our
misfortune), but a few weeks later I had even worst news,
when, after returning home, I found out that two of my
new 2Gigabyte SD memory cards, although seemed to work
perfectly at the time, have invisible pictures on them.
The pictures seem to exist alright,
with all around the 200 plus kilobyte
properties and showing as jpeg pictures, but can't be viewed.
I have lost some very interesting, unusual and irreplacable
pictures of Turpan, Urumchi, Bishkek in Kyrgizstan and pictures
of the countrysides of Kyrgizstan and Kazakstan.
Now altough we were there and had our visual and phisical
experiences, I have to take advantage of using
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia's
resources with our greatful thanks.Author.