Turpan - China
Cardinal József Mindszenty
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Turpan - Jiaohe Ruins
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Urumchi or Urumuchi
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Yanan Cave Dwellings
The Jiaohe Ruins is the site of ancient Chinese
ruins found in the Yarnaz Valley, 10 km west of the
city of Turfan, Xinjiang province, China.
China facts & history in brief
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Map of China
Ediqut or Jiaohe Ruins
Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From the years 108 BC to 450 AD the city of Jiaohe
was the capital of the Anterior Chu-shi Kingdom,
concurrent with the Han Dynasty, Jin Dynasty, and
Southern and Northern Dynasties in China.
It was an important site along the Silk Road trade
route leading west, and was adjacent to
the Korla and Karasahr kingdoms.
From 450 AD until 640 AD it became Jiao prefecture
in the Tang Dynasty, and in 640 AD it was made the
seat of the new Jiaohe County.
From 640 AD until 658 AD it was also the seat of
the Protector General of the Western Regions,
the highest level military post of a Chinese
military commander posted in the west.
Since the beginning of the 9th century AD it
had become Jiaohe prefecture of the Uyghur
Khaganate, until their kingdom was conquered
by the Kyrgyz soon after in the year 840.
The city was built on a large islet (1650 m in length,
300 m wide at its widest point) in the middle of a
river which formed natural defenses, which would
explain why the city lacked any sort of walls.
Instead, steep cliffs on all sides of
the river acted as natural walls.
The layout of the city had eastern and western
residential districts, while the northern district
was reserved for Buddhist sites of temples and stupas.
Along with this there are notable graveyards and
the ruins of a large government office in the
southern part of the eastern district.
For a more information about
Jiaohe Ruins see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from
see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2007.
All text is available under the terms of the
GNU Free Documentation License
Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in
November 2007. E. & O.E.
Hui Chin and I joined a conducted bus tour
from Urumchi to visit Turpan.
It was a very interesting trip and full of drama, as
there was many interesting places to visit and there
was also a number of arguments
on the bus about the tickets and
sights to be visited, the sitting arrangements on the
bus and also about the food and the quality and hygene
standard of the restaurants we have visited.
To cap it all of, my camera's battery ran flat, half
way through, our spare battery and another camera sitting
safely back at the hotel in Urumchi (laughing at our
misfortune), but a few weeks later I had even worst news,
when, after returning home, I found out that two of my
new 2Gigabyte SD memory cards, although seemed to work
perfectly at the time, have invisible pictures on them.
The pictures seem to exist alright,
with all around the 200 plus kilobyte
properties and showing as jpeg pictures, but can't be viewed.
I have lost some very interesting, unusual and irreplacable
pictures of Turpan, Urumchi, Bishkek in Kyrgizstan and pictures
of the countrysides of Kyrgizstan and Kazakstan.
Now altough we were there and had our visual and phisical
experiences, we have to take advantage of using
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia's
resources with our greatful thanks. Author.
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