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Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Oranienbaum, or Grand Menshikov Palace, or Lomonosov - Bolshoy dvorets is a Russian royal residence, located on the Gulf of Finland west of St. Petersburg.
The Palace ensemble and the city center are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

In 1707, four years after he founded Saint Petersburg, Peter the Great gave the grounds near the seaside to his right-hand man, Aleksandr Danilovich Menshikov.
Menshikov commissioned the architects Giovanni Mario Fontana and Gottfried Shadel, who built his residence, the Grand Menshikov Palace from 1710 to 1727 (not to be confused with Menshikov Palace in Saint Petersburg, built by the same architects around the same time).
The central part of the Palace is connected by two galleries with the two-domed Japanese and Church Pavilions.
The Lower Garden, decorated with fountains and sculptures, and the Upper Garden were laid out at the same time.
The Palace is located near the Lower Park, whose composite axis is a channel leading to the sea.
This channel is an imitation of one designed by Peter himself at his nearby residence of Peterhof.

Menshikov was deposed shortly after Peter's death, and died in exile, and the palace passed out of his family.
In 1743, Oranienbaum became the summer residence of Grand Duke Peter Fedorovitch, the heir of Empress Elizabeth (the future Emperor Peter III).
Over the last ten years of Elizabeth's reign, Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli reconstructed the Grand Palace, adding beauty to its decor.

From 1756 to 1762, the architect A. Rinaldi built the Petrstadt Fortress ensemble on the bank of the Karost River for Grand Duke Peter Fedorovitch.
In 1762 Empress Catherine II ordered the construction of the suburb residence called "My Own Countryside House".
For that purpose Rinaldi built the Chinese Palace (1762-1768), a mix of Baroque architecture, Classicism and Chinese motives, the Katalnaya Gorka (roller coaster) Pavilion (1762-1774), a cupola pavilion, and the Gates of Honor with the tower crowned by a spire.

The Upper Park was laid out from 1750 to 1770.

For a more information about Oranienbaum see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oranienbaum) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, January 2008.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
About Wikipedia

This information was correct in January 2008. E. & O.E.

Please understand, like nearly everything in Russia, this place is know by many names

Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lomonosov (Before 1948: Oranienbaum) is a town under the jurisdiction of St. Petersburg, Russia, situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, 40 km west of St. Petersburg itself.
Population: 37,776 (2002 Census).
It is the site of an 18th century park and palace complex, Oranienbaum.
The palace is the only one of the famous palaces in the vicinity of St. Petersburg that was not captured by the Germans during the Second World War.

The original name of the town is Oranienbaum, which means "orange tree" in German (in modern German, the word is Orangenbaum).
It was initially applied to the palace complex, which had greenhouses for exotic plants.
Its present name honours the scientist, poet and glassblower Mikhail Lomonosov.
In 1754, Lomonosov founded a colored-glass factory near Oranienbaum, in the village of Ust-Ruditsa.

Lomonosov can be reached by suburban train from St. Petersburg's Baltic Terminal to Oranienbaum Station.

The city was the birthplace of Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971), a composer of modern classical music.

For a more information about Lomonosov see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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