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Pulkovo Airport (IATA: LED, ICAO: ULLI) is the
international airport serving St. Petersburg, Russia.
Russia facts & history in brief
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Map of Russia
Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Pulkovo-2 terminal is located about 17 km
(10,5 miles) south of the city centre.
The Pulkovo-1 terminal is located about
20 km (12 miles) south of the city centre.
Originally it was named Shosseynaya Airport,
by the name of a nearby railroad station.
Construction began in January 1931, and was
completed on June 24, 1932, with the first
aircraft arriving at 17:31 that day, after a
two-and-a-half hour flight from Moscow
carrying passengers and mail.
During the Second World War the airport was
the frontline in the Nazi Siege of Leningrad.
There were no flights between 1941 and 1944.
The nearby Pulkovo hills were occupied by the
Nazis and were used by the long-range artillery
for daily bombardments of Leningrad.
The airport was cleared of the Nazis in January
of 1944, and resumed cargo and mail flights after
the runways were repaired in 1945.
In February of 1948, after the war damages were
completely repaired, the airport resumed
scheduled passenger flights.
In 1949, there were scheduled flights to 15
major cities of the USSR, and 15 more
short-range flights within
the north-western Russia.
In 1951 the airport terminal was redesigned
to handle larger aircraft.
In the mid 1950s the new extended runway was
completed, allowing to handle larger aircraft
such as Ilyushin-18 and Tupolev-104 jets.
ICAO category 1 standards were implemented in 1965,
making way for international operations.
The airport was renamed "Pulkovo Airport"
on April 24, 1973.
The new Pulkovo-1 terminal was opened to handle
the domestic air traffic, which increased 40%-50%
every decade between the 1970s and 1990s.
International arrival terminal
Pulkovo Airport is the 3rd busiest in Russia after
Moscow's Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo airports.
While the number of domestic and international flights
increased, the number of passengers grew from 4,837,000
in 1990 to just over 5 million in 2006, mainly due
to the increased share of international flights.
It is anticipated that by 2025 Pulkovo
airport will handle 17 million passengers.
There are two passenger terminals: Pulkovo-1 for domestic
flights, and Pulkovo-2 for international flights.
There is also one cargo terminal.
There are forty-seven aircraft stands total.
It is planned to increase the number of
aircraft stands to 100 by 2025.
The airport has two main runways.
Runway 10R/28L, is 3782m long and
60m wide, it has asphalt surface on the base
made of reinforced armoured concrete.
This runway is the only runway in Russia equipped
to serve the new Airbus A380.
The second runway is 3410m long and 60m wide, it
has asphalt surface on the base made of
The reconstruction of the second runway
is scheduled to begin in 2007.
Terminal 1 mainly serves flights within
Russia and the CIS countries.
Some international charter flights are also
served by Terminal 1, those are tourist flights
as well as private business jets.
For example the private jet owned by Steve
Forbes was served at Terminal 1, and thousands
of Russians witnessed its "Forbes - the tool of
capitalism" logo proudly
exposed on the body of 737.
Terminal 2 serves most of the long-haul
Terminal 1 was built in 1973, whereas Terminal
2 was built in 1950s and reconstructed in 2003.
The design for the construction of the new
international terminal is currently underway
by a German company Hochtief AirPort GmbH.
The new terminal will be located directly to the
north to the Terminal 1 and will contain 18 gates.
The construction is planned to begin in
2008 with scheduled completion in 2010/11.
The airport is the main hub for Rossiya Airlines.
The one-way trip from Pulkovo to Saint Petersburg
using public transportation
will cost $1 or less by bus.
Express bus to downtown
Rapid metro-bus known as "Airport bus"
is connecting Pulkovo-1, Pulkovo-2 with
three main underground metro stations
Moskovskaya, Tekhnologichesky Institut,
and Pushkinskaya in the centre of St. Petersburg.
End-to-end travel time is about 30-40 minutes.
Typical cost is US$3 per passenger,
with extra charge per piece of luggage.
These are typical "Marshrutka" minibuses,
some of them following the city bus routes
(and using matching line numbers).
The line 39 serves Pulkovo 1, connecting it
to metro stations Moskovskaya, Park Pobedy,
Elektrosila, Moskovskie Vorota, Ligovsky
Prospekt, Ploschad Aleksandra Nevskogo,
Novocherkasskaya, Ladozhskaya, as well as
Moskovsky and Ladozhsky rail terminals.
Lines 3, 13, 113, 213 serve Pulkovo-2 (to get
to the city use the stop closer to arrivals;
the one closer to departures is going away
from the city). Lines 13 and 113 connect to
metro station Moskovskaya, line 113 proceeds
on to Kupchino. Lines 3 and 213 connect to
metro stations Moskovskaya, Park Pobedy,
Elektrosila, Moskovskie Vorota, Frunzenskaya,
Tekhnologichesky Institut, Sennaya Ploschad.
Pulkovo airport is served by two regular bus lines:
routes number 13 and 39.
The stop for line 39 is located next to
arrivals in Pulkovo-1.
The stop for line 13 is located next to arrivals
area at Pulkovo-2 terminal.
Note that Pulkovo-2 has another stop for bus 13,
for buses coming from the city, this stop is
located next to departures area.
The commute time to metro station
Moskovskaya is about 15-20 minutes.
Pulkovo airport is accessible via the nearby Pulkovskoe
shosse motorway from St. Petersburg city centre.
There are drop offs and pick up areas at both terminals,
as well as short and long stay outdoor car parking.
While the short term parking at the Pulkovo-1 terminal
is abundant due to the larger space, parking might be a
bit tighter at the international terminal Pulkovo-2.
In the 1990s, Georgy Poltavchenko served in the
department of transport security of Pulkovo as
the representative of KGB Directorate of
Leningrad and Leningrad Oblast.
Airlines and destinations
- Aeroflot (Moscow-Sheremetyevo)
- Aeroflot-Don (Rostov-On-Don)
- Aeroflot-Nord (Arkhangelsk, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Naryan-Mar)
- Aerosvit Airlines (Kiev-Boryspil)
- Air Berlin (Berlin-Tegel)
- Air China (Beijing)
- Air France (Paris-Charles de Gaulle)
- Air Malta (Luqa)
- airBaltic (Riga)
- Alanja Kubar Airlines
- Alitalia (Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino)
Atlant-Soyuz Airlines (Novokuznetsk-Spichenkovo)
- Austrian Airlines
- operated by Austrian Arrows (Vienna)
- Aviaprad (Khanty-Mansiysk, Yekatirenburg)
- Azerbaijan Airlines (Baku)
- Bashkirian Airlines (Ufa)
- Belavia (Minsk)
- British Airways (London-Heathrow)
- Brussels Airlines (Brussels)
- Bugulma Air Enterprise (Lipetsk)
- Bulgaria Air (Varna)
- Czech Airlines (Prague)
- Crimea Air
- Dalavia (Irkutsk, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Vladivostok, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk)
- El Al (Tel Aviv)
- Eurocypria Airlines (Larnaca, Paphos)
- Finnair (Helsinki)
- Gazpromavia (Moscow-Vnukovo)
- Germanwings (Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn)
- Hainan Airlines (Beijing)
- Iberia Airlines (Madrid)
- Izhavia (Izhevsk)
- Karthago Airlines (Monastir}
- Kavminvodyavia (Mineralnye Vody)
- KD Avia (Kaliningrad)
- KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Amsterdam)
- Kogalymavia (Surgut)
- Korean Air (Seoul-Incheon [Summer only])
- Kras Air (Krasnoyarsk, Moscow-Domodedovo)
- Kuban Airlines (Krasnodar)
- LOT Polish Airlines (Warsaw)
- Lufthansa (Frankfurt, Munich)
- Montenegro Airlines (Podgorica)
- Norwegian Air Shuttle (Oslo)
- Orenburg Airlines (Orenburg)
- Perm Airlines (Perm)
- Polet Airlines (Voronezh)
- Rossiya (Adler/Sochi, Almaty, Amsterdam, Antalya [summer only], Arkhangelsk, Baku, Barcelona, Beijing, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bourgas [summer only], Budapest, Chelyabinsk, Copenhagen, Dalaman, Dubai, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Ekaterinburg, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Hurghada, Irkutsk, Istanbul-Atatürk, Izmir, Kaliningrad, Karaganda, Kiev-Boryspil, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, London-Gatwick, Milan-Malpensa, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow-Domodedovo, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Moscow-Vnukovo, Munich, Murmansk, Nizhnevartovsk, Norilsk, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Samarkand, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sochi, Sofia, Stockholm, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, Tomsk, Tumen-Roschino, Ufa, Varna [summer only], Vilnus, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan)
- S7 Airlines (Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk, Perm, Sochi)
- Samara Airlines (Samara)
- Saravia (Penza, Saratov)
- Scandinavian Airlines System (Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda)
- Severstal Aircompany (Cherepovets)
- Sky Express (Moscow-Vnukovo)
- Swiss International Airlines (Zurich) [Begins March 2008]
- Tatarstan Airlines (Kazan)
- Transaero (Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Berlin-Tegel , Male, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Narita [starts 24 April 2008])
- Turkish Airlines (Istanbul-Atatürk)
- Ural Airlines (Yekaterinburg)
- UTair Aviation (Moscow-Vnukovo, Sochi, Surgut, Syktyvkar, Ufa)
- Uzbekistan Airways (Tashkent)
- Vladivostok Air (Vladivostok)
- Windjet (Catania, Forli, Palermo)
- Yakutia Airlines (Novosibirsk, Yakutsk)
- Yamal Airlines (Salekhard)
For a more information about
Pulkovo Airport see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from
see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, January 2008.
All text is available under the terms of the
GNU Free Documentation License
Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in January 2008. E. & O.E.
It was raining practically all the time during our stay
You can click on these photos for an enlargement
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