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Demands of Hungarian Revolutionaries of 1956
Exerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
On October 23, 1956, a group of Hungarian students compiled a
list of sixteen points containing key national policy demands.
Following an anti-Soviet protest march through the Hungarian capital
of Budapest, the students attempted to enter the city's main broadcasting
station to read their demands on the air. The students were detained,
and when people gathered outside the broadcasting station to call for
their release, the state security police fired on the unarmed crowd,
setting off the
1956 Hungarian Revolution.
- We demand the immediate evacuation of all Soviet troops,
in conformity with the provisions of the Peace Treaty.
We demand the election by secret ballot of all Party members from
top to bottom, and of new officers for the lower, middle and upper
echelons of the Hungarian Workers Party. These officers shall convene
a Party Congress as early as possible in order to elect a Central
- A new Government must be constituted under the
direction of Imre Nagy: all criminal leaders of the
Stalin-Rákosi era must be immediately dismissed.
- We demand
public enquiry into the criminal activities of Mihály Farkas and his accomplices. Mátyás Rákosi, who is the person
most responsible for crimes of the recent past as well as for
our country's ruin, must be returned to Hungary for trial before
a people's tribunal.
- We demand general elections by
universal, secret ballot are held throughout the country to
elect a new National Assembly, with all political parties
participating. We demand that the right of workers to strike
- We demand revision and re-adjustment of
Hungarian-Soviet and Hungarian-Yugoslav relations in the fields
of politics, economics and cultural affairs, on a basis of
complete political and economic equality, and of non-interference
in the internal affairs of one by the other.
- We demand the
complete reorganisation of Hungary's economic life under the
direction of specialists. The entire economic system, based on
a system of planning, must be re-examined in the light of
conditions in Hungary and in the vital interest of the Hungarian
- Our foreign trade agreements and the exact total
of reparations that can never be paid must be made public. We
demand to be precisely informed of the uranium deposits in our
country, on their exploitation and on the concessions to the
Russians in this area. We demand that Hungary have the right to
sell her uranium freely at world market prices to obtain hard
- We demand complete revision of the norms
operating in industry and an immediate and radical adjustment
of salaries in accordance with the just requirements of workers
and intellectuals. We demand a minimum living wage for workers.
- We demand that the system of distribution be organised
on a new basis and that agricultural products be utilised in
rational manner. We demand equality of treatment for individual
- We demand reviews by independent tribunals of all
political and economic trials as well as the release and
rehabilitation of the innocent. We demand the immediate
repatriation of prisoners of war
(World War II) and of civilian deportees
to the Soviet Union, including prisoners sentenced outside Hungary.
- We demand complete recognition of freedom of opinion and
of expression, of freedom of the press and of radio, as well as
the creation of a daily newspaper for the MEFESZ Organisation
(Hungarian Federation of University and College Students' Associations).
- We demand that the statue of Stalin, symbol of Stalinist
tyranny and political oppression, be removed as quickly as possible
and be replaced by a monument in memory of the martyred freedom
fighters of 1848-49.
- We demand the replacement of emblems
foreign to the Hungarian people by the old Hungarian arms of Kossuth.
We demand new uniforms for the Army which conform to our national
traditions. We demand that March 15th be declared a national holiday
and that the October 6th be a day of national mourning on which schools
will be closed.
- The students of the Technological University
of Budapest declare unanimously their solidarity with the workers and
students of Warsaw and Poland in their movement towards national
- The students of the Technological University of
Budapest will organise as rapidly as possible local branches of MEFESZ,
and they have decided to convene at Budapest, on Saturday October 27,
a Youth Parliament at which all the nation's youth shall be represented
by their delegates.
^ Internet Modern History
Sourcebook: Resolution by students of the Building Industry Technological
University: Sixteen Political, Economic,
and Ideological Points, Budapest, October 22, 1956 Retrieved 22
For more information about
Demands of Hungarian Revolutionaries of 1956
see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from
see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2008.
All text is available under the terms of the
GNU Free Documentation License
Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in January 2010. E. & O.E.
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