Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe.
Translated, the name means Land of the South Slavs (jug in the word Jugoslavija means south).
The first was a kingdom formed in December 1, 1918 as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which was re-named the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in January 6, 1929 and existed under that name until it was invaded in April 6, 1941 by the Axis powers.
Capitulated only 11 days after, it ceased to exist April 17, 1941.
The second was a Socialist state established immediately after World War II in November 29, 1945 as Democratic Federation of Yugoslavia (DFY), which in 1946 became the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia (FPRY) and in April 7, 1963 the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).
This remained in place until 1992, January 15, by which time four of its six constituent republics - Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia and Bosnia and Herzegovina - had seceded.
The third was called Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) and was formed in 1992 on the territory of the remaining republics of Serbia (including the autonomous provinces of Vojvodina and of Kosovo, officially known as Kosovo and Metohija) and Montenegro.
In 2001, the name Yugoslavia was to be officially abolished when the state would transform into a loose commonwealth called Serbia and Montenegro which finally happened on February 4, 2003.
For a more information about Yugoslavia see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslavia) December 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in December 2005. E. & O.E.
During 1978, my daughter, Sarolta and I spent some time travelling around the Yugoslavia, visiting a few cities and other attractions.
We spent a few days exploring Yugoslavia and Belgrade especially.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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