Wales (Welsh: Cymru; pronounced "CUM-ree") is one of the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom.
Wales is located in the south-west of Great Britain and is bordered by Cheshire, Shropshire, Herefordshire and Gloucestershire to the east, the Bristol Channel to the south, St George's Channel in the west, and the Irish Sea to the north.
The term Principality of Wales, in Welsh, Tywysogaeth Cymru, is sometimes used, although the Prince of Wales has no role in the governance of Wales and this term is unpopular among some.
Wales has not been politically independent since 1282, when it was conquered by King Edward I of England.
The capital of Wales since 1955 has been Cardiff, although Caernarfon is the location where the Prince of Wales is invested, and Machynlleth was the home of a parliament called by Owain Glyndwr during his revolt at the start of the fifteenth century.
In 1999, the National Assembly for Wales was formed, which has limited domestic powers.
It can alter laws passed by Westminster but cannot initiate laws of its own.
Wales was orginally a Celtic region, and its people kept speaking the Welsh language, even as the Celtic elements of England and Scotland gradually disappeared.
The name Wales is evidence of this, as it comes from a Germanic root word meaning stranger or foreigner, and as such is related to the names of several other European regions where Germanic peoples came into contact with non-Germanic cultures including Wallonia in Belgium and Wallachia in Romania, as well as the "-wall" of Cornwall.
Part of the word "Cymru" is evident in the "Cum-" of Cumberland and Cumbria.
For a more information about Wales see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wales) December 2003
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in December 2003. E. & O.E.
During 1978, my daughter, Sarolta and I spent some time travelling around the United Kingdom, visiting many cities and other attractions.
We spent a few days exploring Wales and Cardiff especially.
Link to my Cardiff,
Capital of Wales page
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