Wales, United Kingdom
Cardiff (Welsh: Caerdydd) is the capital and largest city of Wales.
Located on the South Wales coast it is administered as a unitary authority.
It was a small town until the early nineteenth century and came to prominence following the arrival of industry in the region and the use of Cardiff as a major port for the transport of coal.
Cardiff was made a city in 1905 and proclaimed capital of Wales in 1955.
In the Census 2001 the population of Cardiff was 305,340, making it the 16th largest settlement in the United Kingdom.
The industrial development and growth of Cardiff was initially centred on the transportation of coal, where coal mined from the Rhondda Valley was sent to the port by barge along the valley of the River Taff, initially by canal and later by the Taff Vale Railway.
A logical extension of the coal business was the development of an iron and steel industry, based largely on the port and the coal of the South Wales valleys.
The 1980s brought closures to the industry in the entire region, and thousands of local workers were made redundant as the steel industry moved out of Cardiff, including the largest GKN steelworks in Newport Road.
For a more information about Cardiff see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardiff) December 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in December 2005. E. & O.E.
During 1978, my daughter, Sarolta and I spent some time travelling around the United Kingdom, visiting many cities and other attractions.
We spent a few days exploring Wales and Cardiff especially.
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