The Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bounded by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west.
Finland has land frontiers with Sweden, Norway and Russia.
The Aland Islands, off the southwestern coast, are under Finnish sovereignty while enjoying extensive autonomy.
The commonly used Finnish name for the country is Suomi, the Swedish one Finland. (In Latin, Finland is Fennia, this is used in scientific naming.)
Finland has a population of five million people in three hundred thousand square kilometres, making it the 162nd most densely populated country in the world.
It ranked thirteenth on the 2005 United Nations Human Development Index.
Facts at a glance
Official language: Finnish, Swedish
Largest City: Helsinki
Area: 338,145 km²
Population: 5,252,778 (2005)
Independence: From Russia
- Declared 6 December 1917
- Recognized 3 January 1918
Currency: Euro (€)1
Time zone: EET(UTC+2) - in summer EEST (UTC+3)
National anthem (de facto): Maamme/Vårt land
Internet TLD: .fi
Calling Code: +358
1 Prior to 1999: Finnish markka.
Euro a bank currency since 1999, in public circulation since 2002.
For a more information about Finland see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finland) November 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
Sarolta, my daughter and I visited Finland during our trip around Europe on our Eurail Pass.
We arrived by Ferry from Stockholm.
After a couple of days sightseeing in Helsinki we took a train to the top of Finland in the Arctic Circle, where we crossed over, through Sweden to Norway.
A terrific experience. very enjoyable.
Hui Chin and I, traveled from Stockholm in Sweden to Helsinki in Finland on a luxurious ferry in 2003.
We spent some time sightseeing in Helsinki, sightseeing by conducted tour buses and on foot to see what there was to see.
From Helsinki we went by 'overnight' (We thought it was overnight, but that night and the following four nights, until we got to Oslo it was practically broad daylight, with the sun visible all the time.
It was a real 'doozy' of an experience.)train to Kemi, in northern Finland, pretty near the Artic Circle.
After some sightseeing in Kemi, we hoped on a bus to Haparanda, in Sweden, still close to the Artic Circle.
Again we had some time to sightseeing, before we caught a bus to Lulea (A bit further down in Sweden, with a railway line to Narvik in Norway).
But more about that on other pages.
Amazing, what you can do on a two month Eurail Pass.
It's all here, if you look for it.
Have fun, but please do watch my bandwidth (20 mb/day) and let others have a chance too.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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