South Korea - Asia
Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea.
With a population of about 3.65 million, Busan is also South Korea's second largest metropolis, after Seoul.
The most densely built up areas of the city are situated in a number of narrow valleys between the Nakdong River and Suyeong River, with mountains separating some of the various districts.
Busan was the host city of the 2002 Asian Games and APEC 2005 Korea.
It was also one of the host cities for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, and is the centre for international conventions in Korea.
Administratively, it is designated as a Metropolitan City.
On November 14, 2005, the city officially announced its bid to host the 2020 Summer Olympics Games.
Geochilsan-guk existed in the second and third centuries as a chiefdom of Jinhan.
It was absorbed by Silla and renamed Geochilsan-gun.
The word Geochilsan means rough mountain, probably referring to Hwangnyeongsan, located at the centre of the city.
In 757, Geochilsan-gun was again renamed Dongnae, which it is still called.
From the beginning of the fifteenth century, the Korean government designated Busan as a trading port with the Japanese and allowed their settlement.
Other Japanese settlements in Ulsan and Jinhae diminished later, but the Busan settlement, called Waegwan at the time, continued until Japan invaded Korea in 1592.
After the war, diplomatic relations with the new shogunate in Japan were established in 1607, and Busan Waegwan was permitted to be reconstructed.
The Japanese settlement, though relocated into Choryang later, continued to exist until Korea was exposed to modern diplomacy in 1876.
In 1876, Busan became the first international port in Korea.
During the Japanese occupation, Busan(Japanese name:Fuzan) developed into a hub trading port with Japan.
Busan was the only city in Korea to adopt the steam tramway before electrification was introduced in 1924.
And Busan is the only city in Korea, with the exemption of Daegu, that was never taken by the North Korean Communists during the Korean War.
As a result the city was a refugee camp site for Koreans during the war.
Busan was one of the few areas in Korea that remained under the control of South Korea throughout the Korean War and for some time it was the capital of Republic of Korea.
UN troops established a defensive perimeter around the city known as the Pusan Perimeter in the summer and autumn of 1950.
Since then, like Seoul, the city has been a self-governing metropolis and has built a strong urban character.
For a more information about Busan see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Busan) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, February 2008.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in February 2008. E. & O.E.
Busan - Buses
Busan - Metro
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