Jammu and Kashmir, India
Srinagar is the summer capital of the state
of Jammu and Kashmir and is the pride of
the beautiful valley of Kashmir.
Srinagar is famous for its lakes and the
charming rows of houseboats floating on them.
It is also known for traditional Kashmiri
handicrafts and dry fruits. Srinagar is
located in the western part of the state
of Jammu and Kashmir, in the
northern region of India.
It is located in the Kashmir valley.
River Jhelum passes through Srinagar city.
Srinagar is 876 km north of Delhi.
It is rightly called the
Pride of the Kashmir Valley.
Fast Facts Population 894,940 Languages
Hindi, Urdu, Kashmiri, and English
Best time to Visit April-June STD
Code History The history of the
Kashmir valley has been turbulent.
In the 3rd century BC, it was a
part of the great Mauryan Empire.
Later on, this region flourished
under the rule of the Kushans in
the 1st century AD. It was an important
Buddhist centre around this time.
In the 6th century, it was a part
of the kingdom of Vikramaditya,
the ruler of Ujjain. Local Hindu
rulers ruled it until the 14th century,
after which Muslims invaded and
ruled it. Srinagar was a part of
the Mughal Empire in the medieval
period. However, with the decline
of the Mughal Empire and the rule
of the Pathans, the fortunes of
the area gradually dwindled. In
1814, it became a part of the Sikh
empire, when Ranjit Singh defeated
the Pathans. However, the British
defeated Ranjit Singh and according
to the treaty of Lahore in 1846,
they installed Gulab Singh as the
independent ruler of Kashmir. The
descendants of Gulab Singh ruled
Kashmir under the vigilance of the
British till 1947. Hari Singh, the
great grandson of Gulab Singh, merged
this princely state into India in
1948, when Pathan marauders from
Pakistan tried to overrun this state.
Best Season, Climate, and Clothing
The weather in Srinagar is alpine.
Summers (April-June) are mild and
winters are cold (November-February).
It experiences heavy snowfall in
December-February. The best time
to visit Srinagar is during summers
between April and June. Heavy woollens
are required in Srinagar.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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