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Qumran photos 1998


Israel facts & history in brief

The State of Israel, a republic was declared 1948 and occupies more or less the Promised Land, the Bible Lands, the Holy Land and many other names to many people.
Bordered by Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, the Red Sea, Egypt the Mediterranean Sea.
Now includes East Jerusalem, part of the West Bank, the Golan Heights and the Gaza Strip, since Israel captured them in the Six-Day War in 1967.
Israel also captured the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, but returned it since in 1982, and granted Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and parts of the West Bank in 1994, after a peace agreement between Israel and Palestinian Liberation Organisation.
Geographically it can be divided into the areas of the hills of Galilee, the Plain of Esdraelon, the Judaean and Samarian hills, the coastal plains, and the Negev.

Israel has a population of over 5 million.
The capital is Jerusalem.
The history, tradition and the struggle of the land and its people is the Bible for many people.
The "Promised Land" "of milk and honey", was more recently discovered to be barren and infertile, that has many mineral, agricultural and human resources.
As in the Bible and in the middle ages during the crusades the 'Land of Peace' is in a bit of a turmoil.

Hui Chin, Endre and I crossed over from Jordan by the Allenby Bridge.

We begin our explorations with Jericho before we visited Jerusalem, New Jerusalem, the Mount of Olives, Bethlehem, Tiberias, Nazareth, Tabigha, Qumran, Masada, Beit Haarava and Eilat.


a shepherd accidentally found the Dead Sea Scrolls hidden inside some pottery jars in 1947.
Excavations later revealed many more relics and settlements of Essenes (A Jewish sect) around the area.
They lived in nearby caves, tents and underground chambers from about 150 B.C. until the Romans scattered them in in around 60 A.D.
Although the Scrolls did not reveal anything new, it was a very important find.

You can click on these photos for an enlargement.

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