U.S.A. facts & history in brief
Chicago, Illinois, on the
shore of Lake Michigan,
third-largest city of the USA.
Also known as the 'Windy City',
and the home of the skyscrapers.
The Potawatomi Indians lived
near the Chicago River,
(They called it Checagou)
in the 1600's, at
the arrival of the first
The area was settled by
American Indians for more
than 5,000 years.
Chicago begin life as
a trading post first then
a military fort.
In 1834 the U.S.
government made the Potawatomi
Indians to move for a small amount of
money and territory
of reservations in Kansas.
major development after the
Indians' departure and when it was chosen
as the terminal site of the
Illinois and Michigan canal.
In 1837, Chicago was
incorporated as a city.
In 1871 a major fire raged
for over 24 hours, killing
more than 300 people and left over
Chicago rose from the
ashes to became one of
the world's great cities.
Lawlessness, crime and
creativity went in hand
in hand in the city during
the "Roaring Twenties".
The city's industries also
prospered, and people spent wildly.
In 1920, the 18th Amendment
to the U.S. Constitution, prohibited
the manufacture and sale
of alcoholic beverages. (Prohibition)
Gangsters in Chicago took over
the illegal distribution
of liquor (Bootlegging).
Several gangs fought for control
of bootlegging, gambling, and other
In the 1929, the St. Valentine's
Day Massacre four gangsters,
dressed as policemen, shot
seven rival gang members.
Generally Chicago experienced
right through the 1900s.
The city is a major Great Lakes
port and has the busiest
airport in the world.
The 443 meters high Sears Tower,
built in 1974, is maybe the
tallest inhabited building
in the world and the Union States
Post Office is the largest
in the world under one roof.
Chicago, on the shores of Lake
Michigan, has a beautiful lakefront.
Since the late 1800's, Chicago
was a leader in new styles and
construction techniques in the US.
Many designers and engineers
from around the world visit
Chicago to study its spectacular
The city extends about 40
kilometres along the
southwest shore of Lake Michigan
in northeastern Illinois, covering
about 591 square kilometres,
181 metres above sea level.
Chicago's booming economy
attracted many different races over
African-American are the largest
group with German, Hispanic, Irish,
and Polish groups following.
Most of the old European ethnic
communities have faded away,
leaving a rich heritage of numerous
ethnic restaurants, food stores, and gift
shops, beautiful churches and
blocks of homes built by the earlier
The Chicago area is the nation's
leading transportation and
manufacturing centre, with more than 14000
industrial plants in the
metropolitan area, employing about 28
per cent of the work force,
manufacturing, food products,
electrical equipment, machinery,
chemicals, iron and steel.
River barges and oceangoing
ships use Chicago's busy port,
which is connected with the
Mississippi River system.
Chicago and the surrounding area
is one of the nation's chief
industrial research centre.
In 1942, the Italian physicist
Enrico Fermi produced the world's
first nuclear chain reaction at the
University of Chicago.
The population of the city around 3
million and the metropolitan
area about 7 million.
Hui Chin and I've enjoyed our
stay and sightseeing around the town.
I have been here before in 1996,
so Chicago wasn't exactly
something new for me.
The whether wasn't very
friendly to us.
In the end Chicago appeared
as another city we could
tick off our list.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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