Peru facts & history in brief
Map of Peru
Inca facts & history in brief
Machu Picchu, the ruins of
an ancient, fortified,
abandoned Inca town dramatically
perched on a steep-sided ridge in the
Andes about 2,400 metres above sea
level, and 80 kilometres northwest of
Cusco, of central Peru.
It contains a palace, a temple to the sun, and
extensive cultivation terraces.
Never found by the Spanish
American archaeologist Hiram
Bingham discovered the
ruins in 1911 and named
after the nearby mountain.
Nearly all the
surviving Aztec, Toltec, Maya and
Inca structures had a religious purpose.
The most impressive of these
structures were stone pyramids topped by
The pyramids were part of ceremonial centres that also
included altars, palaces, and plazas.
The Inca built large temples,
fortresses, and public
buildings on mountainsides.
buildings with perfectly
fitting, massive stones.
The ruins Machu Picchu is one of
their best-known cities.
For more information about
Machu Picchu see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
We had some trouble seeing Machu Piccchu.
We were booked to visit Machu Picchu
and Lake Titicaca by train.
The night before our trip to
Machu Pichu I had a very bad attack
of "altitude sickness".
We visited India, Bhutan, Nepal and Tibet a
few years prior to this and I did
not have any problems, even though
Lhasa, Tibet was at more than
twice the altitude of Cusco.
During the night I often questioned,
my survival until the morning arrived.
I had a very bad headache, dizziness,
trouble breathing and various pain and aches in
many places in my body.
Felt general nausea and sick.
On doctor's advice we visited Machu Picchu
the next day, as it is below Cusco's altitude.
We had to trade in our Machu Picchu
"Backpackers" tickets for a far more expensive
"first class" ones, because the
"Backpackers" were booked
out for the next day,
only available to us, because
our scheduled departure.
We have truly enjoyed our stay in
Cusco, Machu Picchu, Puno
and Lake Titicaca thoroughly.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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