Welcome to my pages.


Peru facts & history in brief       Map of Peru       Inca facts & history in brief

Peru, the third largest country in South America, (1,285,216 km2, 496,225 sq. miles) on the Pacific coast, bounded by Ecuador and Colombia on the north, Brazil and Bolivia on the east, and Chile on the south.
The north-east of the country is in the upper Amazon basin and comprises equatorial rain forest, while the south-west half is occupied by the Andes mountain ranges, with snow-capped peaks that rise to over 6,500 m (21,000 feet).
Between the ranges are plateau areas of wide, rock-strewn slopes and many valleys used for cultivation and the rearing of livestock.
In the extreme southeast is in the high mountains is lake, Titicaca, South America's largest lake.
Peru is very rich in minerals, especially in the high mountains.

The rugged Andes hinders travel across Peru.
Most of the country's roads are rough and unpaved.
The Peruvian section of the Pan American Highway is the longest paved road.

Music and dancing are extremely popular throughout Peru.
Traditional Indian music is performed on drums, flutes, rattles, and a kind of small harp.
Mestizo music also uses these instruments plus such others as guitars, fiddles, and horns.
Mestizo bands attract large crowds in cafes and dance halls throughout Peru.

Soccer, which Latin Americans call football, ranks as the most popular sport in Peru.
Almost every city and town in Peru holds an annual festival, called a feria, to honour its patron saint.

The Chavin Indians established the first known civilisation in Peru, from about 800 to 400 B.C. in the central Highlands, Mochica on the northern coast, Nazca on the southern coast, and Tiahuanaco round Lake Titicaca in the Andes.
Between 600 and 1000 A.D. Huari in the central Andes conquered a small 'empire', and the Chimu state rose on the northern coast 1000 A.D.
The Incas were another such group, based round Cuzco, who began their regional expansion in 1200 A.D. and eventually conquered a vast empire stretching from Chile to Ecuador during the 15th century.
Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro's victory over Atahualpa in 1532 led eventually to direct rule by the Spanish crown.
Inca revolts continued for nearly fifty years.
Since the 1930 Peru is aligned with US policies.
In 1968 a left-wing military junta seized power, seeking to nationalise US-controlled industries.
A more moderate junta succeeded in 1975.
In 1980 a new constitution was established on democratic principles.

In the 1990 elections, the son of Japanese immigrants, Alberto Keinya Fujimori of the Cambio 90 Party, was elected President.

A new constitution was introduced in 1993, and Fujimori was re-elected in 1995.
In December 1996 Marxist guerrillas took nearly 500 politicians and businessmen hostage at the Japanese embassy in Lima.
The four-month siege ended when Peruvian forces stormed the embassy in April 1997.

Population, around 26 million, mostly Roman Catholic.
Official Languages : Spanish, Quechua.

Capital : Lima, which has over 3 million people, is by far the largest, busiest, and most modern Peruvian city.
Lima and the neighbouring city of Callao make up the metropolitan area of Greater Lima.

For more information about Peru see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

We have very much enjoyed our train over twelve hours of train ride through the ever changing Andes landscape.
Our train went through the main street of some of the villages, which just added colour to our experiences.
Enjoyed the sights and the night Hui Chin and spent at Puno.
We spent the following day on a boat island hoping on Lake Titicaca.
Explored the ancient ruins at Puno, Titicaca Island and many other places.
The high light of the day was visiting some of the Floating Islands of the Uru people.

Links to my photos pages in the Peru series.

Cusco        Lake Titicaca        Lima        Machu Pichu

Puno        Urus - Floating Islands

Site Index         Back to Top         Photos Index

Thanks for coming, I hope you have enjoyed it, will recommend it to your friends, and will come back later to see my site developing and expanding.

I'm trying to make my pages enjoyable and trouble free for everyone, please let me know of any mistakes or trouble with links, so I can fix any problem as soon as possible.

These pages are best viewed with monitor resolution set at 640x480 and kept simple on purpose so everyone can enjoy them across all media and platforms.

Thank you.


free webpage hit counter