Canada facts & history in brief
Ottawa, in the province of Ontario, on the south bank
of the Ottawa River is the capital of Canada, about
193 kilometres west of Montreal.
Indians lived around present day Ottawa (Algonquian
word adawe, meaning to trade), before British troops
building the Rideau Canal, linking the Ottawa River
with Lake Ontario founded the first settlement in
the area that is Ottawa, in 1826
and became known as Bytown.
In 1855, it was changed to Ottawa, an English version
of the Adawe.
In 1857 Queen Victoria chose it to
be the capital of the United Province of Canada.
The Dominion of Canada was established in 1867, with
Ottawa as its capital.
The city's layout has been
modified over the years in keeping with Ottawa's
standing as a national capital.
The Rideau River flows through Ottawa, forming the
Rideau Falls as it plunges 11 metres over a cliff
into the Ottawa River, near the northeastern end
of the city, on its way from the Ottawa River to
The metropolitan area of Ottawa
includes the municipalities of Rockcliffe Park,
Vanier and Hull.
The city's main shopping
districts centre around the Sparks Street Mall in
Upper Town and Byward Market and Rideau Street
in Lower Town.
Attractive parks, government
buildings, and scenic drives
add beauty to the city.
Millions of people visit the city annually to see
Parliament in action, the Peace Tower and the
eight locks of the Rideau Canal.
Other interesting sight in Ottawa
includes the neo-Gothic Parliament
Buildings the War Museum, the Royal
Mint, many grand old homes, the
National Gallery, displaying an
large collection and in summer the
red coats of the Royal Canadian
Ottawa's downtown is divided into eastern and
western sections by the Rideau Canal.
The eastern section has a good collection of
central guesthouses, most of
them with heritage listings.
Byward Market, east of the canal, has many cheap
eateries, and western downtown is the place to
go for more upmarket eating.
festivals and fairs also attract many visitors,
including the 10-day Festival of Spring in May,
when more than 3 million bulbs bloom in parks,
roadways, and on the grounds of public buildings.
Former Queen Juliana of the Netherlands,
(Who as princess Juliana, lived
in Ottawa during World War II, while
the Germans occupied her country),
sent the bulbs as a gift to Ottawa.
Since 1980, the
government of the Netherlands has continued to
send the tulip bulbs for the annual festival.
A nine-day winter festival, called Winterlude,
is held in mid-February.
Ottawa hold many other events and
About half the city's population have British,
others are of French or other European ancestry.
The official languages are English and French.
The Canadian government is
Ottawa's largest employer.
Electronics firms and tourism
are other major employers.
The city covers 119 square
kilometres, including 13 square
kilometres of inland water
with a population of around 500,000.
It was about 8 pm when we've arrived to Ottawa.
Quick browse through the available
accommodation and chose one across
the fence from the Bus Station.
Booked out, as was the next 10 or
12 we knock on the door.
We had to walk and drag our bags
for about 2 hours to the
Laurie Guest House,
(329 Laurie St. $Can50 for 2 p/n
I ask you?
What can we do, when everybody is full.
Conducted tour the morning and a
lot more walking after.
Around and around the Parliament
building, downtown etc.
The city and the
markets very interesting
and very clean and tidy.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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