(Some smaller settlements lie further south, but Ushuaia is the southernmost of any size.)
Ushuaia is located in a wide bay on the southern coast of the island of Tierra del Fuego, bounded on the north by the Martial mountain range and on the south by the Beagle Channel.
Its population is estimated today at about 64,000.
It is the only municipality in the Department of Ushuaia, which has an area of 9,390 km2 (3,625 sq mi).
The city was originally named by early British missionaries after the name that the native Yámana people had for the area.
Much of the early history of the city and its hinterland is described in Lucas Bridges’s book Uttermost Part of the Earth (1948).
During the first half of the 20th century, the city centered around a prison for serious criminals.
The Argentine government set up this prison following the example of the British with Australia or the French with Devil's Island; escape from a prison on Tierra del Fuego was similarly impossible.
The prisoners thus became forced colonists and spent much of their time cutting wood in the forest around the prison and building the town.
They also built a railway to the settlement, now a tourist attraction known as the End of the World Train (Tren del Fin del Mundo), the southernmost railway in the world. View over the Beagle Channel.
Ushuaia is surrounded by Magellanic subpolar forests; on the hills around the town, the following indigenous trees are local to the area: Drimys winteri (Winter's bark), Maytenus magellanica (hard log mayten) and several species of Nothofagus that give to the landscape a magnificent greenness.
Ushuaia is a key access point to the southern regions; it receives regular flights from Buenos Aires at Ushuaia International Airport.
The city itself is a popular vacation spot for people from Buenos Aires.
Flights are also available from Santiago, Chile.
The city has a museum of Yamana, English, and Argentine settlement, including its years as a prison colony.
Wildlife attractions include local birds, penguins and orcas as seen on islands in the Beagle Channel.
There are daily bus and boat tours to Harberton, the estancia of the Bridges family.
Some tours also visit the Les Eclaireurs Lighthouse, which should not be confused with the Lighthouse at the End of the World (Faro del fin del mundo) made famous by Jules Verne in the novel of the same name.
The latter lies some 200 km east of Ushuaia on the Isla de los Estados (Staten Island).
There are a number of ski areas nearby, like Cerro Castor and Glaciar Martial.
The glacier is also a tourist destination during the summer months, when the chairlift operates in both directions.
Hiking trails lead from the city's edge to the base of the glacier, which has shrunk dramatically over the past century, as shown in photographs on display.
Cerro Castor is a mountain located 27 km (17 miles) north of Ushuaia.
Here it is possible to ski just 200 m (660 ft) above sea level; the summit reaches an elevation of 1057 meters (3468 ft) above sea level.
Constant temperatures allow the longest skiing season in South America: in winter temperatures fluctuate between 0° and -5 °C (32 to 23 °F).
Orient Lines, MS Marco Polo, Regent Seven Seas Cruises, Hurtigruten and other ships provide expeditions to Antarctica out of Ushuaia.
The cruise boats periodically do scenic cruising to Antarctica, as do expedition yachts such as S/V Seal and S/V Pelagic.
Tourists can also visit Cape Horn Island (in Chilean waters) by boat or helicopter.
For more information about Ushuaia see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ushuaia) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, April 2009.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in April 2009. E. & O.E.
Thanks for coming, I hope you
have enjoyed it, will recommend
it to your friends, and will come
back later to see my site developing