Solomon Islands - Melanesia - Pacific Ocean
The name "Honiara" is actually a misnomer: the English colonialists found it hard to pronounce the original name of the area in the northern Guadalcanal languages: Nagoniara. Nagoniara means "in front of the wind."
Geography and Climate
Honiara is located on the northern coast of the island of Guadalcanal and includes a sea port at Point Cruz. The town revolves around the Kukum Highway, which connects Henderson Field in the east of Honiara with the settlement of White River in the west, and passes the National Referral Hospital and the recently burnt down Chinatown.
Honiara is located at 9°28' South, 159°49' East.
The climate is tropical, the average daytime temperatures is about 28 degrees Celsius, the water temperatures between 26 to 29 degrees. Damper periods are predominantly between November and April. The average amount of precipitation per year is about 2,000 mm and thus somewhat lower than the average on the entire Solomon Islands (3,000 mm).
Economy and Industry
Honiara is served by the Honiara International Airport, located about 10 kilometers outside the city.
The industry is in form of several beverage factories and a cookie factory. Major exports are Timber, coconuts, copra and fish.
The most important trade partners are Malaysia, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan.
Honiara is the Solomon Islands' springboard for tourism activities.
The country's tourist office, the Solomon Islands Visitors Bureau, is located on Honiara's main thoroughfare, Mendaña Avenue.
Situated between the shady Yacht Club and the popular Solomon Kitano Mendaña Hotel, its officers provide tourist information and can radio ahead to announce visitors' arrivals to guest houses in the remoter areas.
Honiara has a harbour from which ferries depart to the various provinces.
The gardens of the National Art Gallery are popular for afternoon strolls, while the reconstructed Government House and the National Museum exist.
A botanical garden admits lots of orchids and shrubs.
The spectacular Tenaru falls can be found a one hour's drive and a three-hour hike from Henderson International Airport.
Honiara is predominantly Christian and is served by the headquarters of the Church of the Province of Melanesia (Anglican), the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Honiara, the South Seas Evangelical Church, the United Church, the Seventh-day Adventist Church and other Christian churches.
There are many congregations of American and Australian style charismatic and/or evangelical movements.
There are also members of the Bahá'í Faith, Jehovah's Witness, Mormon and Muslim religions.
What is now Honiara was close to the site of Guadalcanal Campaign in World War II.
It was built to replace the former capital of Tulagi at the end of that war.
Honiara officially became the capital of the Solomon Islands in 1952.
After violent rebellions in the year 2000 the protection of the population was promised by Australian units, since the Solomon Islands have no military.
In 2006, riots broke out following the election of Snyder Rini as Prime Minister, destroying part of Chinatown and displacing more than 1000 Chinese residents.
3 National Parliament members, Charles Dausabea, Nelson Ne'e, and Patrick Vahoe, were arrested during or as a result of the riots.
For more information about Honiara see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honiara) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2008.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in November 2008. E. & O.E.
Kukum is one of Honiara's perimeter suburb or satellite cities.
Kukum is on the Kukum Highway, about 5 km from centre to centre to Honiara's downtown.
Kukum point, beach and foreshore was the scene of very heavy action during WWII, when Japanese and Allied soldiers used it for landing and embarkations during fierce battles for Guadalcanal and the nearby Henderson Field airfield, the surrounding sound is the famous Iron Bottom Sound, named after the many ships destroyed and sank there.
Prior to the war, it was called Savo and Sealark Sound.
32 Allied and 14 Japanese ship resting at the bottom with many of their crews of this sound.
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