Rotoruais New Zealand's best-known and oldest tourist centre, famous for its historic Maori associations, therapeutic spa and thermal activity, with a population of about 60,000.
Rotorua is situated on the shore of Lake Rotorua, in the Bay of Plenty.
Beside being a major tourist resort, it is also a servicing and distributing centre for the surrounding pastoral, farming, saw-milling and pulp and paper manufacturing industries.
The first European settlement started in the 1870s.
Rotorua became a borough in 1922 and a city in 1962.
The beautiful Pink and White Terraces on the shores of nearby Lake Rotomahana, Rotorua soon become a tourist attraction.
The Terraces were destroyed (covered by lava), during the volcanic eruption of Mount Tarawera in June 1886.
After their destruction tourism was concentrated around the spa and the geysers of Whakarewarewa.
The therapeutic thermal waters attracting people with ailments like arthritis, nervous diseases, eczema and convalescence.
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