New Zealand facts & history in brief
New Zealand Map
is an expanding city
of about 50,000 people, on
the northern side of Mount
Egmont, the main servicing
centre and port for the
surrounding dairying district
and since the 1970s an
expending petrochemical industry.
New Plymouth was a well
established Maori settlement
area in pre-European times.
In 1828 Richard 'Dickie' Barrett
was the first European to
settle in the district.
The name comes from the English
seaport, most of the
first settlers were from
Cornwall and Devon.
The town was surveyed and
settled in 1841 by the Plymouth
Company, part of the
New Zealand Company.
In 1860, war broke out between the
Maori and European settlers
over the sale of the Waitara Block.
Many settlers left the district
and New Plymouth became a
military settlement and racial strife
lasted through the 1880s.
In 1866, oil was found at
Ngamotu Beach and the small
well and refinery provided
petrol for the district
for more than a century.
In 1876, New Plymouth became
a borough and a city in 1949.
In 1959, natural gas was
discovered at Kapuni and in
1969 the large offshore gas
and oil field, the Maui,
about 30 kilometres off
the Taranaki coast was discovered.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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