New Zealand facts & history in brief
New Zealand Map
Captain Arthur Wakefield and
the New Zealand Company were
the first European settlers in
1841 and named it after
Admiral Lord Nelson, with
the population of around 50.000
people, on the northern
shores of the South Island.
The area has been long
settled and fought over by
a succession of Maori
tribes of the North
and South Islands.
The Ngati Toa people led by chief,
Te Rauparaha won land rights by
conquest to the region about 20
years before the arrival of the
Te Rauparaha sold the site
of Nelson, but the rapid
expansion of the settlements
brought about the Wairau
Affray in 1843, and Wakefield
and some of his followers
were killed by Te Rauparaha
and Te Rangihaeata
and slow down further settlements
until gold was found at
Collingwood in 1857.
In 1858 Queen Victoria ordained
Nelson a bishop's see and
constituted it a city.
The district has mild weather
and high number of hours
of sunshine per annum.
Local products include hops,
tobacco, pip and berry fruits
and vegetables for processing.
There are also coal, dolomite,
magnesite, asbestos, serpentine,
uranium and marble from
the Takaka Hills.
In recent years it is known
for its artists and writers
colonies because the region's
isolation and slower pace of life.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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