New Zealand facts & history in brief
New Zealand Map
is ranked the second largest
city of the South Island, the
sixth largest in New Zealand with a
population of about 110 000.
Dunedin was the wealthiest,
most influential and developed
city in New Zealand during the late
19th century and the beginning of the
Dunedin's average temperature is around
11°C, ranging from a daily maximum of 19°C
during summer and down to 2.5°C in winter
with an average rainfall of 772
mm spread over the year.
Some snow falls in winter and
experiences about 90 frost
strikes a year on the low
lying flat land.
The city is at the top of the long
fjord like Otago Harbour.
Dunedin's deep-water port and container
terminal is at Port Chalmers, about
halfway up the harbour from the
The city has a major industrial centre,
well known for its heavy
and precision engineering.
Dunedin city was designed in 1846
by the New Zealand Company's chief
surveyor, Charles Kettle, for the
Free Church of Scotland settlers
after breaking from the Church of
Scotland in 1843.
The first settlers arrived
in March and April 1848.
The town was to be called New Edinburgh
but later changed to the
old Celtic name of Edinburgh, Dun Edin.
After the discovery of gold
in 1861 in Central Otago
led to a rapid development of
and population in and around Dunedin.
The population quickly rose
from 2000 to 10 000 by 1865.
For many years Dunedin was the
New Zealand's chief manufacturing
and commercial centre.
The first university and medical school
was established in New Zealand,
during the rapid development of
Today's Dunedin has inherited many
and distinctive parks and reserves
from this period of wealth.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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