New Zealand facts & history in brief
New Zealand Map
The three main islands with
the total population less than a
thousand, are the Chatham, the largest
about 89.000 ha, (Quarter of the
island is covered by shallow lagoons),
Pitt, 6190 ha and the South-east
Island 260 ha.
There are a number of smaller islands
around them, and are about
850 km east of Christchurch.
In 1791 Lieutenant William Broughton
was the first European to discover the
islands and named it after his ship.
The islands are very exposed,
windswept, cold and wet.
The main activities and industries are
sheep farming, fishing, crayfishing and processing.
The largest settlement is Waitangi.
The original settlers were the Morioris.
Due to the lack of trees in the islands the
Morioris were among the world's
most isolated people.
In 1835 the islands were invaded
by a Maori force from the mainland
and were almost extinguished.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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