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Perth 1987 photos

Western Australia

Australia facts & history in brief

Perth is the Capital and largest city of Western Australia and one of Australia's largest and most beautiful cities, on the estuary of the River Swan.
The city is the leading commercial and transportation centre of west coast of Australia, with a population of nearly 2 million.
Perth was founded in 1829 and developed rapidly after the discovery of gold and the opening of the Fremantle Harbour in 1897.
The port exports refined oil, wheat, and wool.
Most of Western Australians live in Perth which has a Mediterranean like climate; wet, mild winters and hot, dry summers.
Dutch navigator William de Vlamingh was the first European to explore the Swan River in January 1697.
James Stirling, the British naval officer, visited the area in 1827.
In June 1829, Stirling returned as lieutenant governor, with a group of settlers, to establish a new colony.
Perth developed quiet rapidly due to good town planning.
Most of the financial, business and local government premises are in the Downtown area.
Residential areas are in the outer tree lined suburbs.
In the 1960s Perth experienced unexpected growth due to the state's mineral boom.
Perth does not have some of the problems faced by other Australian cities.
Traffic congestion is the main problem, which was solved to some extent by the construction of the Mitchell freeway.
Although the Perth's skyline is now dominated by multi-storied buildings, the city has retained a number of old buildings of historical and architectural interest.
One of the earliest are the Court House in the Supreme Court Gardens, and the Round House, originally built as a jail, at Fremantle, it is a simple, semi Georgian style, built in the 1830's by the first Australian civil engineer, H. W. Reveley.
The Old Mill at Mill Point was built in 1835.
From the 1850s onward a number of dignified public buildings were built in the Colonial Gothic style, including the Government House, the Town Hall, the Cloisters (used to be a school), the Barracks (partly demolished), St. George's Cathedral, and St. Mary's Catholic Cathedral.
They were designed by Augustus Pugin.
London Court shopping mall resembles a street in Tudor England.
Popular entertainments, including sporting fixtures, are held in the Entertainment Centre, which has a seating capacity of 8,000.
The Maritime Museum and Arts Centre at Fremantle located in the restored Old Woman's Home, built in the 1850's, and houses relics from Dutch vessels wrecked off the west coast of Australia in the 1600's.
One of the largest oil refineries in Australia opened here in 1954, followed by a steel-rolling mill and a series of large metal, fuel, and chemical plants.
Many industries located within the boundaries of Perth City Council include a cement works, food and clothing factories, printing and publishing companies, and manufacturers of goods ranging from cranes and tractors to small components for electrical equipment.
Western Australia's fishing industry, particularly of crayfish, is based at Fremantle, the port of Perth.
In 1829, Lieutenant Governor James Stirling and 69 settlers arrived in the ship Parmelia to establish a settlement.
The new colony was formally declared on August 12, 1829, on the site of the present Town Hall.
Assignments of free land attracted many settlers.
Problems with the land (Sandy,unsuitable for farming), and chronic labour shortages prompted the colonists to request the British government to declare Perth a penal settlement.
Convicts, a source of free labour, began arriving in 1850, at a time, when the other Australian colonies were phasing out transportation.
The Industrial Revolution in England sparked a demand for Australian wool.
The prosperity that followed resulted in the construction of many fine public buildings.
Queen Victoria proclaimed Perth a city in 1856.
The discovery of gold at Coolgardie in 1892 and at Kalgoorlie in 1893, Perth expanded rapidly.
Many new industries sprang up.
Riverland was reclaimed and formed the Esplanade.
Suburbs spread out to t he north and east.
In the 1910's, gas, electricity, sewerage system, and a water supply services were established.
From 1918 to the 1930s, the city flourished, reflecting the prosperity of Western Australia.
After World War II, Perth was crowded and appeared run-down.
Gradually, life returned to normal.
A vigorous immigration policy increased the labour force and helped bring prosperity in the post-war years.
During the 1950's and 1960's, many new factories were built.
Both residential and industrial suburbs grew rapidly.
In the 1970's, the mineral boom in Western Australia brought further expansion to Perth.
In 1983, Australia II, owned by W eastern Australian entrepreneur Alan Bond, won the America's Cup yacht race.
Fremantle was the site of the 1987 race, which attracted yachting enthusiasts and television crews from all over the world.

I've thoroughly enjoyed my visit and stay in Perth.

You can click on these photos for an enlargement.

Perth Perth Perth Perth
Perth Perth. Perth Perth

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