Northern Territories, Australia
Australia facts &
history in brief
Ayers Rock (Uluru) is a giant
outcrop of rock (Monolith) in
the Northern Territory of
It rises 335 metres abruptly
from the sand dune plains, about
southwest of Alice Springs.
It is 867 metres above sea level.
The rock is more than 2.4 kilometres long
and 1.6 kilometres wide, and measures
8 kilometres around its base.
Formed by erosion.
It glows red during sunrise
Ayers Rock mainly made of sandstone
containing feldspar minerals
of the Cambrian age.
Similar rock lies under the
sand plain around Ayers Rock.
The Ayers Rock probably dates back to
the Cretaceous period.
The Aboriginal name for Ayers Rock is
Uluru, meaning 'great pebble'.
The Aborigines decorated caves
in the rock with paintings.
Ernest Giles, an explorer sighted
the rock in 1872.
William Gosse, another
explorer, visited it in 1878 and
named it in honour of Sir Henry Ayers,
the premier of South Australia.
Ayers Rock and the land around it was
returned to the former Aboriginal
owners, the Mutijula people, in 1985.
The Mutijula people turned over the management
of Uluru National Park to the
Australian Federal Government on a 99-year
A rather hard climb to the top,
but worth it.
Been there, done that.
You can click on these photos for an enlargement.
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