Hungary, facts and history in brief Budapest, facts and history in brief
Szentes is on of the cities in the southern part of the Great Plains of Hungary, about 150 km southeast of Budapest either by road or train.
Archaeological finds in and around the township trace its history back to the Stone Age.
After the Conquest, Ond's (One of the conquering Hungarian tribal leader) people settled in the area.
The first written reference dates back to 1332, by the older name of Scenthus or Szentüs and traced back to the legendary General JŠnos Zendus, founder of the settlement.
Szentes became a rural city sometime in the 16th century.
Most of Szentes' people survived the Turkish invasion and the subsequent occupation, although in 1596 and in 1693 most fled to the nearby fields of reeds.
In 1720 the King gifted gifted the settlement and the area around it to György Harruckern, who attracted many new settlers with generous conditions.
In 1730, the town was granted city status again.
The city went to the family of Count Károlyi by marriage later, until 1836, when the city bought their independence.
In 1848, Szentes received full civic rights and many of the city's folk volunteered for the armies of the War of Independence.
In February 1849 the city was General Damjanich's Headquarters.
After the 1867 'Compromise', the city (The only place throughout Hungary) granted free land for all returned servicemen of the War of Independence.
Many of the town's people found work during the flood control works of the Tisza River in the ensuing years.
Szentes became the administration centre of the Csongrád County between 1878 and 1950.
The city enjoyed unprecedented development in the late 19th and the early 20th century, including the opening new railway lines and a new railway bridge over the Tisza River.
During W.W.I. Szentes lost nearly a thousand of its citizen and in their memory the city established the Heroes' Park on the city's northeast outskirts, with a planting of a tree for every person that died in the conflict.
The city experienced large scale poverty in the intervening years between W.W.I. and W.W.II.
Zsigmond Móricz, one Hungary's well known writer visited the city in 1935 and later wrote "...there isn't an animal, that could endure the prevailing poverty except the humans...." in his book called Gyalogolni, (To walk about). (About the period that is generally known as the Great Depression, world wide.)
In present times the city is flourishing place, with many established Thermal Spa's, vegetable, and flower gardens.
Many new settlement were established in and around town, and only the inner city kept the old, historic buildings and character.
The Tisza and the Körös rivers are popular for water sports, fishing, picnicking and holiday homes.
The towns' people rightfully proud of the highly visible, 240 m high, slender TV tower serving the southern part of the Great Hungarian Plain.
Population: 33 000
Postal code: 6600
Dialling code: 63
Very beautiful, pleasant place.
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