Hungary, facts and history in brief Budapest, facts and history in brief
Sátoraljaújhely is about 325 km northeast of Budapest right on the Slovakia border.
The State Highway 37 ends in town, as does the Miskolc - Szerencs - Sátoraljaújhely main trunk railway line.
The city is rich history and was mentioned by its original name Sátorhalma, (Tent-hill) and later Sátoralja (Lower-Tent).
The city was destroyed during the the Tartar invasion and was later rebuilt on higher ground to avoid flooding hence the 'új hely' (New place), where today's name originates from.
In 1261 was given city status and rights by King István V.
Over the centuries the city was defended by a large fortress built on the 'Castle Hill'. The fortress was destroyed by the invading Turks and today only the name remains.
Due to its location, having been on the cross roads between Western Europe, Russia, Poland and Transylvania a city enjoyed sustained growth in the Middle Ages and later.
A local Monk, Szepsi Laczkó Máté, produced the first 'Aszú' wine (Sweet wine of the first press, the nearby Tokay famous for it) in 1640.
The city is still the commercial centre for the local wine industry.
From the 17 century the city was in the Rákóczi family's hand.
In the 18th century became the capital of Zemplén county.
Sátoraljaújhely is very proud of the many famous people it given to the nation, especially Kossuth Lajos, the revered leader of the 1848 Hungarian War of Independence, who attended the local High School.
In the early 20th century the railway lines reached Sátoraljaújhely, the famous Tobacco Factory and the Thermal Baths were established.
The rapid development was slowed down to some extent by the Treaty of Trianon, when Hungary lost more than two third of its territory and Sátoraljaújhely lost part of the township and became a 'frontier town'.
Presently Sátoraljaújhely is a prosperous commercial, service, education and cultural centre of the the sorrounding district.
Population: 19 000
Postal code: 3980
Dialling code: 47
Hui Chin and I spent a couple very pleasant days in town and enjoyed ourselves.
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