Hungary, facts and history in brief Budapest, facts and history in brief
Hajdúböszörmény is a city in Hajdú-Bihar County in Hungary 19 km from Debrecen, 231 km east from Budapest with a population of 32.200 (1990 census) practically all of them are Hungarians.
Area: 37.078 hectare.
The township is the largest of the hajdú settlements.
Hajdúböszörmény is a typically Hungarian town, especially of the north-east part of the Alföld (The Great Hungarian Plain).
The local people are proud of their world-wide known classical radial-belt settlement structure, that reflects the demands of the defence system.
The city is a member of Permanent Conference of Central European Historic Towns.
The name of the town originates from "Böszörmény" which was a noun in the old Hungarian language and it meant Muslim, the believer of Islam.
At that time Böszörmény was the centre of the Nyírség Muslims.
Written records refer to it as Nagyböszörmény (Great Böszörmény) in 1248.
The settlement was destroyed during the Mongol Invasion and wasn't resettled until the 12th and 13th centuries when it became a part of the Debrecen district between 1290 and 1322.
In 1325 it became a market-town and in 1410 King Zsigmond given it township or city status.
Hajdúböszörmény capital of the Hajdúság until 1876, when the area was incorporated in Hajdú-Bihar county.
Despite the short distance from Debrecen the town is still the economic and business centre of the Hajdúság and managed to keep its independence and regional character. The town's main square the most beautiful one on the Great Plain. Educational institutions are well known and respected for their quality and achievement.
Postal code: 4220
Calling code: 52
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