Kiev, also Kyiv is the capital and the largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river.
Since 2001, Kiev has officially had 2,660,401 inhabitants, though this figure has likely grown to more than 3.5 million since then. Administratively, Kiev is a national-level subordinated municipality, independent from surrounding Kiev Oblast. Kiev is an important industrial, scientific, educational and cultural center of Eastern Europe.
It is home to many high-tech industries, higher education institutions, world-famous historical landmarks.
The city has an extensive infrastructure and highly developed system of public transport, including a Kiev Metro system.
The name of Kiev comes from the name of Kyi, one of four legendary founders of the city (brothers Kyi, Shchek, Khoryv and sister Lybid).
During its history, Kiev, one of the oldest cities in Eastern Europe, passed through several stages of great prominence and relative obscurity.
The city is believed to have been founded in the 5th century as a trading post in the land of Early East Slavs.
It gradually acquired eminence as the center of the East Slavic civilization, becoming in the tenth to twelfth centuries a political and cultural capital of Rus', a medieval East Slavic state.
Completely destroyed during the Mongol invasion in 1240, the city lost most of its influence for the centuries to come.
It was a provincial capital of marginal importance in the outskirts of the territories controlled by its powerful neighbours: first the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, followed by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and, finally, Russia.
The city prospered again during the Russian industrial revolution in the late 19th century.
After the turbulent period following the Russian Revolution of 1917, from 1921 onwards Kiev was an important city of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, and, since 1934, its capital.
During World War II, the city again suffered significant damage, but quickly recovered in the post-war years becoming the third most important city of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Kiev remains the capital of Ukraine, independent since 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Facts in brief
Kiev Capital and largest city in Ukraine
Area - City 839 km² Population - City (2005) 2,660,401
Postal Code 01xxx-04xxx
Dialling Code +380 44
For a more information about Kiev see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kiev) February 2007.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in February 2007. E. & O.E.
Hui Chin and I spent some memorable time in Kiev during our visit in 2006.
We enjoyed our stay very much and we found the Kiev people very helpful and kind.
We didn't know the town and we constantly had to turn to the locals for directions and although we didn't speak their language and very few of them spoke ours, we always had enough help to tell the directions or escort us to our destination.
Very interesting, friendly and enjoyable place.
There were many very kind and patient people that helped us with directions and many other things.
Thank you very much you kind people.
God bless you and your family and I hope you all will manage to read this, thank you.
Do you recall the elderly European man with the petit Chinese lady, with many questions?
Yeah! Thank you!
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