San Marino facts and history in brief
The Most Serene Republic of San Marino or San Marino (Italian: Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino or San Marino) is one of the smallest nations in the world.
Located in southern Europe, it is landlocked by Italy, and is one of the European microstates.
Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino
National motto: Libertas, (Latin: Liberty)
Official language Italian
Capital San Marino
Largest City Serravalle
Captains Regent: Claudio Muccioli and Antonello Bacciocchi
Area 61 km˛ - Ranked 190th
Population 27,336 (2000)
Independence 3 September 301
Currency Euro (€)
Time zone CEST (UTC+2) - in summer CET (UTC+1)
National anthem Inno Nazionale (no words) Music
Internet TLD .sm
Calling Code +378 (+0549 from Italy)
San Marino claims to be the world's oldest republic still in existence, founded in 301 CE by a skilled builder referred to as St. Marinus.
Legally part of the Roman Empire at the time, its foundation does not correspond to its legal existence.
Its written constitution was adopted on October 8, 1600.
The tiny nation was recognized by Napoleon's France in 1797, and by the other European nations at the 1815 Congress of Vienna.
Although a sovereign nation, it is strongly dependent on Italy, by which it has been completely surrounded since that country's unification in the 19th century.
Giuseppe Garibaldi was unifying Italy in the 1860s and took refuge from his enemies in San Marino.
There he acquired aid, money, and supplies to continue his campaign for unification from San Marino's citizens and leaders.
In return, Garibaldi guaranteed that San Marino would always be an independent sovereign state.
For a more information about San Marino see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San Marino) December 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in December 2005. E. & O.E.
Sarolta and I thought we have finished with Italy
altogether, when visiting Hungary and Endre, my brother
mentioned that he was in San Marino on holiday a few
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