Sibiu (Hungarian: Nagyszeben, German: Hermannstadt) is a city in Transylvania, Romania with a population of 170,000.
It straddles the river Cibin, a tributary of the river Olt.
It is the capital of Sibiu County.
The city was founded in 1190 by German colonists settled in this area.
It was probably built near the Roman city of Caedonia, which might have been deserted at the beginning of the Middle ages, shortly after the Roman withdrawal.
In the 14th century, it was already an important trade center.
In 1376 the craftsmen where divided in 19 guilds.
It became the most important ethnic German city among the the "seven cities" that gave Transylvania its German language name of Siebenbuergen, and it was home of the Universitas Saxorum, the German "parliament" of Transylvania.
In the 17th century, it was the easternmost city considered to be part of Western civilization (and the easternmost city that was included in the European postal routes).
After World War I, when Austria-Hungary was dissolved, Sibiu became part of Romania; still the majority of its population were ethnic Germans or Hungarians.
After 1990 most of the city's ethnic Germans migrated to Germany.
Among the roughly 2000 who remained was Klaus Johannis, who is currently mayor of Sibiu (2002).
As of approximately 2002, Sibiu has a population of about 170,000.
The ethnic breakdown is as follows:
Most of the population is of the Romanian Orthodox religion.
Protestants and Roman Catholics represent 4% of the population.
Sibiu is one of the most prosperous cities of Romania, and also receives one of the highest rates of foreign investment in the country.
It has an international airport with daily connections to Germany and, via Timisoara, to Italy.
Tursib is the city's transport system.
Sibiu will be (together with Luxembourg) the European Capital of Culture in 2007.
Many of its medieval fortifications (which were assigned to the guilds) have been preserved in excellent state.
For a more information about Sibiu see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sibiu) November 2005
I first visited Sibiu in 1978 with my daughter, Sarolta.
I have a few photos scanned from that visit.
Hui Chin and I visited Sibiu during our trip around Romania during 2005, but I do not have one picture to show for it, see the my note below.
I have enjoyed my visit both times, so did my daughter and wife.
Unfortunately I do not have any of my photos of this place left, although we had four cameras between us and we have taken many, many photos wherever we went, two of my most favoured cameras: a JVC video camera I favoured because of the quality of photos it produced, ease of use and its excellent compression rate, and my Panasonic camera for its miniature size. Both had large, 512 MB SD Cards and many thousands of photos on them were stolen from my bag, later into our trip, by some 'lowlife', with my wallet and money.
You'll see this message a few times, because my JVC and Panasonic cameras' cards had many-many pictures stored on them.
You can click on
these photos for an enlargement.
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