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Romania facts and history in brief

Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Deva (Hungarian: Déva, German: Diemrich) is a city situated on the left bank of the middle course of the Mures river.
It is the capital of Hunedoara county in Romania and has almost 100,000 inhabitants, including subordinated villages.

County: Hunedoara
Status: County capital
Population: 80,000 (2002)
Geographical coordinates: 45°09' N / 22°09' E

The name Deva is considered to come from the ancient Dacian word "dava" meaning fortress (e.g Pelendava, Piroboridava, Zargidava etc).
Other theories trace back the name to a Roman Legion,
II Augusta, transferred around Deva from Castrum Deva, now Chester in Britain.
On medieval maps, Deva appears as Deva or Dewan.

Documentary evidence of the town's existence first appeared in 1269 AD.
Under Voivod (Duke) John Hunyadi (Iancu de Hunedoara or Ioan Corvinul in Romanian, Ioannus Corvinus in Latin, János Hunyadi in Hungarian), Deva became an important military and administrative centre.
Partially destroyed by the Turks in 1550, it was afterward rebuilt and the fortress extended.
In 1621 Prince Gabriel Bethlen transformed and extended the Magna Curia Palace (also known as the Bethlen Castle) in Renaissance style.

Today, Deva is the capital of Hunedoara county, with almost 100,000 inhabitants, including the subordinated villages.
Mining, food, civil engineering and power industries are present here.
Also, a private University of Ecology and Tourism was established here in 1990, and the academic centres of Timisoara and Cluj-Napoca have opened branches in the city.
Deva is dominated by Citadel Hill, a protected nature reserve because of its rare floral species and the presence of the horned adder.
Perched on the top of the hill are the ruins of the Citadel built in the 13th century.

External links

For a more information about Deva see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deva) November 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).

About Wikipedia

This information was correct in November 2005. E. & O.E.

Deva has such a strong and deep rooted association with Hungarian history, that we had to visit this beautiful and ancient city.

Unfortunately I do not have many of my photos of this place left, although we had four cameras between us and we have taken many, many photos wherever we went, two of my most favoured cameras: a JVC video camera I favoured because of the quality of photos it produced, ease of use and its excellent compression rate, and my Panasonic camera for its miniature size. Both had large, 512 MB SD Cards and many thousands of photos on them were stolen from my bag, later into our trip, by some 'lowlife', with my wallet and money.
You'll see this message a few times, because my JVC and Panasonic cameras' cards had many-many pictures stored on them.


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