Lisbon (Portuguese Lisboa), population (2001) 550,000 (2,600,000 in the metropolitan area), is the capital city of Portugal.
It is located in the west of the country, on the Atlantic coast, where the Tagus river (Portuguese Tejo), flows in the ocean.
The heart of the city is the Baixa or lower town, location of the São Jorge Castle and the Santa Maria Maior Cathedral.
The oldest district of the city is Alfama, close to the Tejo.
Other monuments include Belem Tower, Jeronimos Monastery, etc.
Major industries in Lisbon include steel, textiles, chemicals, pottery, shipbuilding and fishing.
Lisbon has been the capital of Portugal since 1260 and reached its peak of prosperity during the period of the Portuguese Empire in the 16th century.
On January 26, 1531, the city was hit by an earthquake which killed thousands.
On November 1, 1755, Lisbon was destroyed by another earthquake. Voltaire mentioned it in his 1759 novel Candide, and Oliver Wendell Holmes (the elder) mentioned it in his 1857 poem, The Deacon's Masterpiece, or The Wonderful One-Hoss Shay.
Expo '98 was held in Lisbon.
Famous people born in Lisbon include:
Anthony of Padua (1195)
Fernando Pessoa (1888)
For a more information about Lisbon see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lisbon) December 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in December 2005. E. & O.E.
I've visited Lisbon in 1978 with my daughter.
At that time I left Lisbon and Portugal as one of the best country in the world.
There was plenty to see, Lisbon's quaint, typically Portuguese buildings, plenty of bargain shopping, and good budget accommodations.
I was looking forward to return again.
In 2003 I've returned with Hui Chin.
I felt happy and excited to return to Lisbon, until a 'low life' pinched Hui Chin's purse, with equaling more than US$3000 of money in it.
Some in Euros, some in US$, some in NZ$.
We were just starting our two months journey.
Our insurance only covers NZ$1000.
That 'low life' on the Metro, even closed the zip on Hui Chin's bag without anybody being any wiser, until we went to buy something to eat, and realising that her purse have gone. The 'low life' probably needed to pay for his mum's urgent operation, we hope!
Gone are my happy memories about Lisbon and Portugal.
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