Bologna (from Latin Bononia, Bulåggna in the local dialect) is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, between the Po River and the Apennines.
Città di Bologna
Area 140,9 km²
Official Site (http://www.comune.bologna.it/)
Bologna was founded by the Etruscans with the name Felsina (ca. 534 BC) in an area previously long inhabitated by the villanovians, a people of farmers and shepherds.
The Etruscan city grew around the sanctuary built on a hill, was surrounded by the necropolis. In the 4th century BC the city was conquered by the Gauls Boii, whence the ancient name Bononia of the Roman colony (c. 189 BC) created after the conquest in 191 BC.
The settlers included 3,000 Latin families led by the consuls Lucius Valerius Flaccus, Marcus Atilius Seranus and Lucius Valerius Tappo.
The building of the Via Aemilia in 187 BC made Bologna a road hub, connected to Arezzo through the Via Flaminia minor and to Aquileia through the Via Aemilia Altinate.
In 88 BC the city became a municipium: it had a quadrilatery plant with six cardi and eight decumani which are still active today.
During the Roman Empire it had 10,000 inhabitants with various temples, baths, theatre and one arena.
Pomponius Mela included Bononia among the five opulentissimae ("richest") cities of Italy.
The city was rebuilt by Nero after a burning.
For a more information about Bologna see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bologna) December 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in December 2005. E. & O.E.
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