Regensburg is a city in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube.
To the east lies the Bavarian Forest.
Regensburg is the capital of the Bavarian administrative region Upper Palatinate.
Population 129,929 (2006)
Area 80.76 km²
Postal code 93001-93059 (former: 8400)
Area code 0941
Licence plate code R
The first settlements in Regensburg date to the Stone Ages.
The Celtic name Radasbona was the oldest name given to a settlement near the present city.
Around AD 90 the Romans built a small "cohort-fort" in what would now be the suburbs.
In 179 the Roman fort Castra Regina ("fortress by the river Regen") was built for Legio III Italica during the reign of Emperor Marcus Aurelius.
From 1663 to 1806, the city was the permanent seat of the Reichstag (Imperial Diet) of the Holy Roman Empire.
Thus Regensburg was one of the central towns of the Holy Roman Empire attracting visitors in large numbers.
In 1803 the city lost its status as a free city.
It was handed over to the Archbishop of Mainz and Archchancellor of the Holy Roman Empire Carl von Dalberg in compensation for Mainz, which had become French under the terms of the Treaty of Lunéville in 1801.
In contrast to almost all other major German cities, Regensburg had little damage from allied air raids in World War II and thus has an almost intact medieval city center, which is listed as a UNESCO world heritage site.
The most important cultural loss is the Romanesque church of Obermünster, which was completely destroyed in an air raid in March 1945 and never rebuilt.
Only the belfry survived.
For a more information about Regensburg see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regensburg) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, February 2007.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in February 2007. E. & O.E.
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