Germany facts and history in brief
Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia.
It is situated on the Pegnitz river and the (Rhine-)Main-Danube Canal.
Population (as of 06/2005) is 497,213.
Federal state: Bavaria
Administrative region: Middle Franconia
District: urban district
Population: 497,213 (2005)
Area: 186.38 km²
Postal code: 90000-90491
Area code: 0911
Licence plate code: N
From 1050 to 1571, the city was a regular stop on the progression of the Holy Roman Emperor, particularly because Reichstage (Imperial Diets) and courts met at Nuremberg Castle.
The Diets of Nuremberg were an important part of the administrative structure of the empire.
In 1219 Nuremberg became an Imperial Free City under Emperor Frederick II.
During World War II, Nuremberg was the Headquarters of Military District/Wehrkreis XIII, and an important site for the production of airplane, submarine, and tank engines.
The industrial areas of the city were severely damaged in air raids (1943/44).
On January 2nd, 1945, the medieval city center was systematically bombed by the British and Americans and was largely (90%) destroyed in only one hour, with 1800 residents killed and roughly 100 000 left homeless.
In February 1945, additional attacks followed.
All in all, 6000 residents of Nuremberg are estimated to have been killed in air raids.
Despite this, the city was rebuilt after the war and was to some extent restored to its pre-war appearance, down to the replication of some of its medieval buildings.
However, the pre-war splendour of the city seems to be lost forever.
After the end of World War II, the city became famous for the trials of Nazi officials for war crimes, the Nuremberg Trials.
In order to come to terms with the role Nuremberg played during the Third Reich, the city established the "Nuremberg International Human Rights Award" in 1995, which is awarded every second year to individuals or groups defending human rights worldwide.
For a more information about Nuremberg see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuremberg) December 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in December 2005. E. & O.E.
Nuremberg was another nice German city Sarolta and I visited during our tour through Europe during 1978.
We thoroughly enjoyed our stay and ourselves during our visit.
You can click on
these photos for an enlargement.
Thanks for coming, I hope you
have enjoyed it, will recommend
it to your friends, and will come
back later to see my site developing