Mannheim is a city in Germany.
With 307,640 inhabitants it is the second largest city in the state of Baden-Württemberg after the capital Stuttgart.
Mannheim is situated at the confluence of the rivers Rhine and Neckar, in the northwestern corner of the state of Baden-Württemberg.
The Rhine separates Mannheim from the adjacent Rhineland-Palatinate city of Ludwigshafen.
The Hessian border is north of the city.
Mannheim is the largest city of the Rhine Neckar Area, a metropolitan area with 2.4 million inhabitants.
Mannheim is unique among German cities in that its central area is laid out in a grid pattern (called Quadrate, squares), much like many North American cities.
The main route through the squares leads to an enormous 18th century palace.
This former seat of the Electors of the Palatinate now houses the University of Mannheim.
Mannheim's city symbol is the Wasserturm (water tower), located in the east of the city centre.
Mannheim is first mentioned in a document from 766, the "Codex Laureshamensis" from the Lorsch Cloister.
It is listed as "Mannenheim" (Home of Manno).
It remained a village until Frederick IV, Elector Palatine initiated building the fortress Friedrichsburg and the adjacent grid-like city core.
The city was destroyed subsequently in the Thirty Years' War in 1622 by Tilly's troops, and in the Nine Years War for the Palatinate succession in 1689 by the French.
During World War II, Mannheim (as a key industrial centre) was heavily damaged by U.S. and British bombing.
The city was occupied by the U.S. Army on March 29, 1945.
There has been a large American military presence in the Mannheim area ever since.
For a more information about Mannheim see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannheim) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, February 2007.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in February 2007. E. & O.E.
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