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German I.C.E. trains


Germany, facts and history in brief

German I.C.E. trains.
Inter City Express trains

German InterCity Express trains
A excerpted page from Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia

The history of German (and other, mainly in Europe) high speed trains.

1903: An experimental 3-phase EMU built by AEG reaches 210.2 km/h on the line Marienfelde - Zossen, reaching world record and demonstrating the potential of electric traction for high speed.

1930: The Schienenzeppelin of Franz Kruckenberg's Flugbahn-Gesellschaft, powered by an air propeller, reaches 230 km/h (world record).

1933: Regular 160 km/h DMU service starts with the Fliegender Hamburger (Hamburg - Berlin). It is soon extended to numerous lines from Berlin to other big cities.

1936: The three 160 km/h EMUs elT 1900, 1901 and 1902 (later renumbered to ET 11) go into service on the line Berchtesgaden - München - Stuttgart. Longer distances are not yet possible as not many lines are electrified.

1939: Beginning of second world war, cancellation of all high speed DMU/EMU services.

1953: The DB and DSG present two revolutionary lightweight articulated DMUs to the public, the daytime train VT 10 501 "Senator" and the night train VT 10 551 "Komet".

1957: The DB participates in the Trans-Europ- Express network with the VT 11 (later renumbered to class 601). Top speed is 160 km/h, but on regular services it only reaches 140 km/h. As TEE, IC and charter trains, they continue operating into the eighties.

1960: Due to technical problems, both VT 10 are retired.

1964: The DR takes its DMU of class VT 18.16 into service on fast national and international lines (later renumbered to class 175).

1972: Four class 601 power cars are rebuilt to class 602 with gas turbine.

1973: Three four-car EMUs of class 403/404 for 200 km/h are built and enter Intercity service. As they are more expensive than locomotive-hauled trains for the same speed, these prototypes remain the only of their kind.

1978: The gas turbine power cars class 602 are retired.

1981: The first TGV line is opened (Paris - Lyon). The success of this line causes the DB to take a closer look at high speed as well (the high speed lines Hannover - Würzburg and Mannheim - Stuttgart, under construction at that time, were not originally intended as high speed lines).

1982: Class 403/404 repainted white/yellow and operating as Lufthansa Airport Express between Düsseldorf and Frankfurt Airport. ICE-V ordered (first experimental train).

1985: Regular service of DR class 175 ends. ICE-V delivered to DB.

1988 (May): ICE-V reaches world record (406.9 km/h).

1988: (end of May): High speed line Fulda - Würzburg opened (airtight InterCity trains with class 120.1 at first).

1991: ICE 1 delivered to DB. First ICE line opened (Hamburg - Frankfurt - München). High speed lines Hannover - Würzburg and Mannheim - Stuttgart start full operation.

1992: Second ICE line opened (Hamburg - Würzburg - München).

1993: All ICE 1 delivered. Third ICE line opened (Hamburg - Frankfurt - Basel).

1994: ICE demonstration tour in the USA for Amtrak. First international ICE to Luzern.

1996: First ICE 2 delivered to DBAG, operating between Bremen and Frankfurt as long trains.

1997: ICE 2 reconfigured to half trains with cab cars and dining-cars, operation on the line Köln - Berlin begins, one train Hamburg - Berlin.

1998: Testing of ICT (electric tilting trains) begins.On 3rd June, a defective wheel tyre on an ICE 1 causes a bad accident near Eschede (between Hannover and Hamburg). All ICE 1 are temporarily taken out of service. High speed line Hannover - Berlin opens (mostly operated with ICE 2 of the line Dusseldorf / Bonn - Berlin).

1999: Testing of ICE 3 for DBAG and NS begins. First ICT line opens (Stuttgart - Zürich). First vehicles of ICT-VT (diesel-electric tilting trains) completed for testing.

2000: First ICE 3 services started (Amsterdam - Köln and special trains to Expo 2000). ICT lines Berlin - München and Dresden - Frankfurt opened.

2001: Renfe orders 16 ICE 3 and 16 Talgo 350 for Madrid - Barcelona. First ICT-VT line (Dresden - Nürnberg) starts operation in June.

2002: High speed line Köln - Frankfurt opens with ICE 3 trains. High speed line Madrid - Zaragoza - Lleida opens with gauge-changing Talgo 200 trains.

2004: High speed line extended from Lleida to Barcelona. New ICE 3 and Talgo 350 trains go into service. Additional ICT sets delivered.

2005: Tilting trains for TEE Rail Alliance delivered to DB AG, SBB CFF FFS and ÖBB.

I love trains, fasssssssssst trains even more.

You can click on these photos for an enlargement.


German I.C.E.
German I.C.E.
German I.C.E.
German I.C.E.


German I.C.E.
train 2004


German I.C.E.
German I.C.E.
German I.C.E.

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