facts and history in brief
Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia.
North Rhine-Westphalia with its state capital Düsseldorf is Germany's most populous state (Bavaria being the largest), largely due to the central Rhine-Ruhr urban area, of which Düsseldorf is a part.
When the Roman Empire was strengthening its position throughout Europe, a few Germanic tribes clung on to their marshy territory off the eastern banks of the Rhine River.
The first written mention of the town of Düsseldorf dates back to 1135 (then called Düsseldorp).
It was told that under Kaiser Friedrich Barbarossa the small town of Kaiserswerth, lying to the north of Düsseldorf, became a well fortified outpost, where soldiers kept their watchful eyes over every movement on the Rhine. (Kaiserswerth became an official district of Düsseldorf in 1929.)
By the mid-19th Century, Düsseldorf enjoyed a revival thanks to the Industrial Revolution as the city boasted 100,000 inhabitants by 1882 before the figure doubled in 1892.
However, the First and Second World Wars soon plunged Düsseldorf into depression.
During World War II, the city was virtually reduced to a pile of rubble as round-the-clock air attacks took their toll.
In 1946 Düsseldorf was made the capital of the Nordrhein-Westphalia region.
The city's construction proceeded at a frightening pace and the economic transformation saw Düsseldorf growing into the wealthy city of trade, administration and service industries that we know today.
For a more information about Dusseldorf see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dusseldorf) see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2005.
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in November 2005. E. & O.E.
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