Finland - Europe
Helsinki, Swedish: Helsingfors, is the capital and largest city in Finland.
It is in the southern part of Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, by the Baltic Sea.
The population of the city of Helsinki is 579,016 (30 June 2009), making it the most populous municipality in Finland by a wide margin.
The foreign-born population stands at around 10%.
Helsinki, along with the neighbouring cities of Vantaa (Vanda), Espoo (Esbo), and Kauniainen (Grankulla), constitutes what is known as the capital region, with over 1,000,000 inhabitants.
The Greater Helsinki area contains 12 municipalities and has a population of over 1,300,000.
Helsinki is Finland's capital for business, education, research, culture, and government.
Greater Helsinki has eight universities and six technology parks.
Some 70% of foreign companies operating in Finland have settled in the Helsinki region.
The city is bilingual, with majority being Finnish and minority Swedish speakers.
Since early 2009, Helsinki has started contemplating a possible merger with Vantaa.
On 30 March 2009, the city council of Vantaa agreed to do a review of Helsinki's proposal of a possible merger.
The city council emphasises that the review is not about a possible discontinuation of the city of Vantaa.
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Stadi, Hesa
Location of Helsinki
Coordinates: 60°10'15?N 024°56'15?E
Province: Southern Finland
Capital city: 1812
Government: - Mayor Jussi Pajunen (November 2009)
- City 715.55 km² (276.3 sq mi)
- Land 213 km² (82.2 sq mi)
- Water 502.55 km² (194 sq mi)
- Urban 769.48 km² (297.1 sq mi)
- Metro 2,969.54 km² (1,146.5 sq mi)
Area rank: 167th largest in Finland
- City 579,016
- Density 2,718.38/km² (7,040.6/sq mi)
- Urban 1,027,635
- Urban Density 1,335.49/km² (3,458.9/sq mi)
- Metro 1,303,126
- Metro Density 438.83/km² (1,136.6/sq mi)
Population rank: Largest in Finland
Demonym: helsinkiläinen (Finnish), helsingforsare (Swedish)
Population by native language
- Finnish 84.3% (official)
- Swedish 6.1% (official)
- Others 9.6%
Population by age
- 0 to 14 13.7%
- 15 to 64 72%
- 65 or older 14.3%
Time zone: EET (UTC+2)
- Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate: 17.5%
Photos courtesy: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Many thanks - Editor - Click for an enlargement.
For a more information about Helsinki see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helsinki) November 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
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