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England facts and history in brief

Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

York is a city in northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss.
In the 2001 UK census the city had a population of 181 094.
Its geographic coordinates are 53°57' N 1°05' W.

York is the traditional county town of Yorkshire, to which it lends its name.
However, it did not form part of any of the three ridings of Yorkshire.
The modern City of York, created on April 1, 1996, is a unitary authority and an administrative county in its own right.

As well as York itself, it includes a number of neighbouring parishes which formerly belonged to the surrounding districts of Harrogate, Ryedale and Selby.
It borders on North Yorkshire and the East Riding of Yorkshire.

The city was founded in AD 71, and has a rich Roman and Viking history.
The historical aspects of York attract a great deal of tourism.
York is home to the University of York.

The city sometimes suffers from flooding.
It is also claimed to be one of the most haunted cities in Europe.

Facts at a glance
Region: Yorkshire and the Humber
Traditional County: Yorkshire
Area: 271.94 kmē
Population: 183,128 - (2003 est.)

York is renowned for its history, which is preserved in its architecture.
The city was founded during the reign of Roman Emperor Vespasian in AD 71, and for much of the intervening period has been the principal city of Northern England.
For the Romans, York the celtic Eboracum "city of the yew" was a major military base; Emperor Septimius Severus died there in AD 211, and Constantius Chlorus, the father of Constantine I, died there in 306.
York is also the city in which Constantine's troops proclaimed him emperor (note that the only other city in which an emperor has been proclaimed is Rome itself).
Substantial Roman remains were discovered under the Minster and a re-erected Roman column now stands on nearby Deangate.

A "great Viking army" captured York in AD 866, and in 876 the Vikings settled permanently in parts of the Yorkshire countryside.
Viking kings ruled this area, known to historians as "The Viking Kingdom of Jorvik", for almost a century.
In 954 the last Viking king, Eric Bloodaxe, was expelled and his kingdom was incorporated in the newly consolidated Anglo-Saxon state.

External links

North York Moors is mostly a National Park in the north of England.
Its size is 1,436 km2 (554 square miles), and it is one of the largest expanses of heather moorland in Britain.
83 % of the Park's area is in private ownership.
The area is very well defined; on three sides rampart-like escarpments rise up from the flat Yorkshire countryside, whilst the fourth (eastern) side is a cliff-edged coast.

Many visitors to the moors are engaged in outdoor pursuits, particularly walking; the parks has a network of rights of way almost 2300 km (1400 miles) in length, and most of the areas of open moorland will be open access under the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000. Popular named walks included the Cleveland Way, which circles the moors, and has a section along the coast; and the Lyke Wake Walk, which leads directly across the heart of the moors.

The area also offers opportunities for cycling, mountain biking, and horse-riding.

The steep escarpments that define the edges of the park on three sides are used by several gliding clubs.

There are few major settlement within the National Park; the town of Whitby (just outwith the Park boundary) is often regarded as the capital of the North York Moors.

External link

For a more information about York and the North York Moors see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/York)
and the North York Moors see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, November 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).

About Wikipedia

This information was correct in November 2005. E. & O.E.

Sarolta and I visited this place during our trip around the British Isles in 1978.

During 2006, Hui Chin and I took time out to visit a few English cities and towns, some places, like York I have been before, but that was 28 years ago, and some of these places Hui Chin never been to.

So we bought a monthly British Rail Pass and off we went.

Well, as you guessed it, York was one of the places we visited.

It was Sunday, the train was over crowded, so was York.

It was even hard to take photos, there were so many people around.

Very nice place with lot of history.

You can click on these photos for an enlargement.


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North York Moors 1978

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York buses 2006

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