Stockton-on-Tees population 186,283, is an industrial town and port on the River Tees in north-eastern England.
It is the major settlement in the unitary authority of borough of Stockton-on-Tees.
For ceremonial purposes, most of the Stockton-on-Tees district is in County Durham, but the part South of the River Tees is in North Yorkshire.
Stockton began as an Anglo-Saxon settlement on high ground close to the northern bank of the River Tees.
The manor of Stockton was created around 1138 and subsequently purchased by Bishop Pudsey of Durham in 1189 and since then has undergone many changes.
Stockton's market can trace its history back to 1310, when Bishop Bek of Durham granted a market charter - 'to our town of Stockton a market upon every Wednesday for ever'.
Stockton Castle is first referred to in 1376.
It was captured by the Scottish in 1644 and was occupied by them until 1646, but was destroyed on the orders of Oliver Cromwell at the end of the Civil War.
Major industries in Stockton include ship-repairing, steel and chemicals.
The town is most famous for its associations with the Stockton and Darlington Railway on which ran the world's first steam hauled passenger train in 1825.
The town also has the world's oldest railway station building, and also contains much Georgian architecture, one notable example being the worlds oldest Georgian theatre, constructed in 1766.
The Member of Parliament for many years was Harold Macmillan, later Prime Minister.
He was created Earl of Stockton on his retirement.
Coincidentally, another Prime Minister, Tony Blair, represents Sedgefield, which is the portion of County Durham surrounding Stockton-on-Tees.
The town's High Street is reputed to be the widest in England.
Work is under way to develop The North bank of the River Tees as part of the North Shore development, which will include new offices and housing.
The Stockton-Middlesbrough Initiative is a 20 year vision for regenerating the urban core of the Tees Valley, the main focus being the 30 km² area along the banks of the River Tees between the two centres of Stockton and Middlesbrough.
The project will include not only the existing developments at North Shore, Stockton and Middlehaven, Middlesbrough, but many others over a 15-20 year period.
For a more information about Stockton-on-Tees see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockton-on-Tees) November 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in November 2005. E. & O.E.
Sarolta and I visited this place during our trip around the British Isles in 1978.
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