Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in Northwest England, on the north side of the Mersey estuary.
The city is governed by Liverpool City Council, one of five councils within the Metropolitan county of Merseyside.
The population of the borough in 2002 was 441,477, and that of the Merseyside conurbation was 1,362,026.
Whilst it has lost most of its manufacturing base, Liverpool is still internationally famous as a port.
In sporting terms, it boasts two internationally-known football clubs, Everton F.C. and Liverpool F.C.
In the year 2008, Liverpool will hold the European Capital of Culture title.
Liverpool is one of England's core cities.
In 1190 the place was known as 'Liuerpul', meaning a pool or creek with muddy water.
Other origins of the name have been suggested, including 'elverpool', a reference to the large number of eels in the Mersey.
The origins of the city are usually dated from August 1207 when letters patent were issued by King John advertising the establishment of a new borough at Liverpool, and inviting settlers to come and take up holdings there.
It is thought that the king wanted a port in the district that was free from the control of the earl of Chester.
Initially it served as a dispatch point for troops sent to Ireland, soon after Liverpool Castle was built, which was removed in 1726.
During the first part of the 20th century Liverpool continued to expand, pulling in emigrants from Europe.
The maiden voyage of Titanic was originally planned for Liverpool, but relocated to Southampton - this is often a point of confusion - no part of Titanic was actually constructed in Liverpool.
In the 1960s Liverpool became a centre of youth culture.
The city produced the distinctive Merseybeat sound, and, most famously, The Beatles.
A general economic and civic revival has been underway since the mid-nineties.
For all of this period Liverpool's economy has grown faster than the national average and crime levels have remained lower than most other metropolitan areas in England and Wales, with recorded crime per head in Merseyside comparable to the national average - unusually low for an urban.
Important landmarks and buildings
Amongst its superlatives: Liverpool has the largest panel of stained glass in the world (in Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral), the largest brick building in the world, and the first enclosed integrated dock system in the world.
The Anglican Cathedral has the longest nave, largest organ and heaviest and highest peal of bells in the world.
Architects well represented in Liverpool: Giles Gilbert Scott, Peter Ellis, Harvey Lonsdale Elmes, and John Foster.
Sir Edwin Lutyens is represented by the completed crypt of his projected Metropolitan Cathedral, which was built to a simpler design by Frederick Gibberd.
Bluecoat Arts Centre
Cast Iron Shore
Lime Street Station
Royal Liver Building
and many others
For a more information about Liverpool see Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This page was retrieved and condensed from (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liverpool) November 2005
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License (see Copyrights for details).
This information was correct in November 2005. E. & O.E.
Sarolta and I visited this place during our trip around the British Isles in 1978.
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