Chapter 7 Table of Contents Appendix 2

Hungary index page

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Appendix 1


Retaliation Statistics


(Excerpts from the 1956 Handbook, vol. 3.)

Court sentences

Breakdown of the proceedings and first degree sentences for the 'crimes against the People's Republic' between November 4, 1956 and April 1, 1958.

First degree sentences

Numbers

Offences

Civil Courts

Military

Courts

 

Ordinary

Special
&
"Public"

Ordinary 1)

Instant Sentences

Total

Anti Government organising 2)

2 449

630

544

-

3 623

Anti Government agitation 3)

4 205

9

43

-

4 257

Hidden Arms 4)

1 966

93

72

376

2 507

Illegal border crossing 5)

3 433

-

162

-

3 595

Others 6)

297

-

96

3

396

Total

12 350

732

917

379

14 378

1) The 1957 data is only approximation.

2) BHÖ 1. & 8. points

3) BHÖ 2/a-d, 26-32. és BHÖ 3-7. points

4) BHÖ 33-34. points

5) BHÖ 48., 48/a-e points

6) BHÖ 9., 13-25., 35-47., 49-94. points

(BHÖ, The Hungarian Crimes Book and relevant paragraphs)


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Death Sentences for the "1956's crimes" between November 4, 1956 and April 1, 1958.*

Titles of the First Degree Courts'

First Degree Death Sentence

Final Degree Death Sentence

Supreme Court
Public Council

4

4

County & Capital Courts

90

66

Military Court

107

100

Total

201

170

*The above data does not include the Death Senteces between April 2, 1958 and August 26, 1961. This is the most comprehensive data of the Death Sentences passed and carried out according to data the Ministry of Justice collected and passed on to and was collated by the MSZMP KB (Hungarian Social Labour Party Central Council), Administration Department regarding the execution of their direction objective announcement. MOL MDP-MSZMP Document Department., 288. f. 30/1958/11. õ. e., the MSZMP KB Administration Department documents, 20-21.p.

Death Sentences were carried out for the "1956 Crimes" according the "special laws" passed.


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Brakedown of the Death Sentences by "crime".

The charge

Death Sentence carried out

Carried out sentences in %

Armed struggle

117

51

Post 11 November resistance

34

15

Public leadership

22

10

Hidden Arms

15

7

Civil revenge participation

22

10

Common crime

9

4

Data release

4

2

Others

6

3

Total

229

100

Attila Szakolczai: The executed during the revenge period after the fall of the Revolution. Yearbook III. 1994. Bp., 1956 Institute, 1994.


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Breakdown of the proceedings of the Death Sentece passing courts.

Courts

Type of proceedings

Trials

Trials/ratio

Carried out Death Sentences

Carried out Death Sentences/ratio

Military Court/Instant

21

17,3

27

11,8

Military Court/Ordinary

33

27,0

66

28,8

Supreme Court
Public Council

2

1,7

7

3,0

Ordinary, Express & Public Court hearings

66

54,0

129

56,4

Total

122

100,0

229

100,0

223 men and 6 women were executed.


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Breakdown of the executed by age.

  Year of Birth  

  Age in 1956  

  Executed  

  Executed/ratio  

Pre 1901

55 plus

5

2,2

1902-1911

45-55

13

5,7

1912-1921

35-44

40

17,5

1922-1931

25-34

98

42,8

1932-1941

15-24

73

31,8

Total

-

229

100,0


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Breakdown of the executed by education.

  Highest education archived

  Executed   

  Executed %  

No schooling

3

1,3

Elementary school student

31

13,5

Elementary school graduate

59

25,8

Trade school student

6

2,6

Trade school graduate

27

11,9

High school student

14

6,1

High school graduate

41

17,9

Tertiary school student

19

8,3

Tertiary school graduate

20

8,7

Unknown

9

3,9

Total

229

100,0


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Breakdown of the executed by descant and class.

Father's occupation   Executed     Executed %  

Rich farmer

6

2,6

Middle farmer

10

4,5

Poor farmer

19

8,4

Agrarian worker

28

12,3

Total farmers

63

27,8

Land owner

2

0,9

Higher official

4

1,8

Police, Prison guard

4

1,8

Office worker

13

5,7

Intelligent

10

4,5

Small tradesmen

23

10,1

Tradesmen

5

2,2

Servant

8

3,6

Rail worker

9

3,9

Labourer

54

23,7

Assistant/Part-time worker

9

3,9

Unknown

12

5,3

Not listed

11

4,8

Total

229

100,0

Zita Cseh -Attila Szakolczai : 1956 Revolution's "Lawful revenge". Manuscript, 1956 Institute.


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My grateful thanks to the Authors of the above documents.

N.B. This is my own translation for illustration purposes only. I could not find an English version. I am not an professional translator and I would like to ask you to over look any translation inaccuracies if applicable. The figures are the original. The Author.


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